Soil Moisture Sensor / analog value



  • Hi !
    Can someone send sketch for Soil Moisture Sensor. I need ANALOG value from sensor.

    My sensor is capacitive (not resistant) but that should not matter because also sends analog value.

    Thanks in advance !


  • Plugin Developer

    /*
     *
     * DESCRIPTION
     * 
     * This node can measure the moisture of 6 different plants. It uses the cheap 'capacitive analog 
     * moisture sensor' that you can get for about 3 dollars an Aliexpress or eBay. For example:
     * https://www.aliexpress.com/item/Analog-Capacitive-Soil-Moisture-Sensor-V1-2-Corrosion-Resistant-Z09-Drop-ship/32858273308.html
     * 
     * Each plant' moisture value can also be responded to individually, either by turning on an LED (wire that to the plan, and you can see which one is thirsty) or, if you want, per-plant automated irrigation by connecting a little solenoid..
     * 
     * 
     * SETTINGS */
    
    #define NUMBER_OF_SENSORS 6   // How many moisture sensors are connected?
    
    #define SLEEPTIME 100         // How many seconds should pass between checking on the plants? Don't make this less than 15 or more than 255.
    
    #define HAS_SCREEN            // Have you connected a screen?       
    
    #define MY_SECURITY_SIMPLE_PASSWD "changeme"        // Be aware, the length of the password has an effect on memory use.
    
     /* END OF SETTINGS
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      */
    
    // Enable MySensors debug prints to serial monitor
    //#define MY_DEBUG 
    
    // Enable and select radio type attached
    #define MY_RADIO_NRF24
    //#define MY_RADIO_NRF5_ESB
    //#define MY_RADIO_RFM69
    //#define MY_RADIO_RFM95
    
    // Set LOW transmit power level as default, if you have an amplified NRF-module and power your radio separately with a good regulator you can turn up PA level. Choose one:
    //#define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_MIN
    #define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_LOW
    //#define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_HIGH
    //#define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_MAX
    
    // Easy to use security, yay!
    #define MY_SIGNING_SOFT_RANDOMSEED_PIN A7         // setting a pin to pickup noise makes encryption more secure.
    
    // Advanced features
    #define MY_TRANSPORT_WAIT_READY_MS 10000            // try connecting for 10 seconds. Otherwise just continue.
    //#define MY_RF24_CHANNEL 100                       // in EU the default channel 76 overlaps with wifi.
    //#define MY_RF24_DATARATE RF24_1MBPS               // slower datarate makes the network more stable?
    //#define MY_NODE_ID 13                             // giving a node a manual ID can in rare cases fix connection issues.
    //#define MY_PARENT_NODE_ID 0                       // fixating the ID of the gatewaynode can in rare cases fix connection issues.
    //#define MY_PARENT_NODE_IS_STATIC                  // Used together with setting the parent node ID. Daking the controller ID static can in rare cases fix connection issues.
    #define MY_SPLASH_SCREEN_DISABLED                   // saves a little memory.
    //#define MY_DISABLE_RAM_ROUTING_TABLE_FEATURE      // saves a little memory.
    
    
    
    //
    // FURTHER SETTINGS
    //
    
    #define IRRIGATION_RELAYS 6                         // How many irrigation relays are connected?
    #define LOOPDURATION 1000                           // The main loop runs every x milliseconds. This main loop starts the modem, and from then on periodically requests the password.
    
    #define RF_DELAY 100                                // Milliseconds betweeen radio signals during the presentation phase.
    
    // Do you want this node to also be a repeater?
    #define MY_REPEATER_FEATURE                         // Just add or remove the two slashes at the beginning of this line to select if you want this sensor to act as a repeater for other sensors. If this node is on battery power, you probably shouldn't enable this. Otherwise it's smart to make every node also a repeater.
    
    
    //
    // Do not change below this line
    // 
    
    #include <MySensors.h>
    
    
    
    #ifdef HAS_SCREEN
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial mySerial(7,6);                       // RX, TX
    #endif
    
    
    static const uint8_t analog_pins[] = {A0,A1,A2,A3,A4,A5};
    byte moistureLevels[6] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
    byte moistureThresholds[6] = {35, 35, 35, 35, 35, 35}; // for each plant we can have a unique moisture level to compare against.
    MyMessage thresholdMsg(0, V_PERCENTAGE);            // used to create a dimmer on the controller that controls the mosture threshold;
    MyMessage msg(0, V_LEVEL);                          // used to send moisture level data to the gateway
    
    //const char xxxx = "hello";
    //const char ids[7] = "112233445566";
    
    
    void before()
    {
    
      //for (byte i = 3; i < NUMBER_OF_SENSORS + 3; i++){ // Set the LED (or irrigation vales) to their initial position. Because Mysensors uses pin 2, we use pin 3 till 8 as output.
      //  pinMode(i, OUTPUT);
      //  digitalWrite(i, LOW);
      //}
      
    }
    
    
    void presentation()
    {
      // Send the sketch version information to the gateway and Controller
      sendSketchInfo(F("Plant Health"), F("1.3"));  wait(RF_DELAY);
    
      // Present the sensors
      //for (byte i=0; i<NUMBER_OF_SENSORS*2 ; i=i+2) {
        present(0, S_MOISTURE, "1");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(1, S_DIMMER, "1");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(2, S_MOISTURE, "2");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(3, S_DIMMER, "2");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(4, S_MOISTURE, "3");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(5, S_DIMMER, "3");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(6, S_MOISTURE, "4");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(7, S_DIMMER, "4");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(8, S_MOISTURE, "5");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(9, S_DIMMER, "5");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(10, S_MOISTURE, "6");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(11, S_DIMMER, "6");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
      //}
    
    
    }
    
    void setup()
    {
      Serial.begin(115200);                             // Start serial output of data.
      while (!Serial) {}                                // Wait for serial connection to be initiated
      Serial.println(F("Hello world"));
    
      //Serial.print("ids-"); Serial.println(ids[1]);
    
      // Setup pins for input
      //for (byte i = 15; i < 21; i++) {
      //}
    
      // Setup pins for input
      for (int i = 0; i < NUMBER_OF_SENSORS; i++) { //or i <= 5
        pinMode(analog_pins[i], INPUT); // experimental new: added the pullup.
         wait(1);
      }
    
    
    #ifdef HAS_SCREEN
      mySerial.begin(115200);
      //wait(1500);
      //mySerial.print("RESET;");
      wait(1500);
      mySerial.print("CLR(0);");
      mySerial.print("BOXF(0,0,128,18,15);");
      mySerial.print("DCV16(5,1,Plant health, 10);");
      if(isTransportReady()){
        mySerial.print("DCV16(115,1,w,0);");
      }
      for (byte i=0; i<NUMBER_OF_SENSORS ; i++) {
        byte verticalPosition = i*18+28;
        mySerial.print("BOXF(3," + String(verticalPosition) + ",124," + String(verticalPosition + 16) + ",15);");
        mySerial.print("DCV16(5," + String(verticalPosition) + ",A" + i + ",0);");
      }
      mySerial.println();
      wait(500);
    #endif
    
      // load the threshold level from the built-in EEPROM memory.
      for (byte i=0; i<NUMBER_OF_SENSORS ; i++) {
        moistureThresholds[i] = loadState(i);
        if(moistureThresholds[i] > 99){moistureThresholds[i] = 35;}
        Serial.print(F("Loaded: ")); Serial.println(moistureThresholds[i]);
      }
      
      Serial.println(F("Warming up the sensors (15 seconds).")); // to avoid weird measurements
      wait(15000);
      request(1, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY); // to-do: only present the actually connected number of sensors.
      request(3, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
      request(5, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
      request(7, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
      request(9, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
      request(11, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
    
      wdt_enable(WDTO_8S);                              // Starts the watchdog timer. If it is not reset once every 2 seconds, then the entire device will automatically restart.                                
    }
    
    
    void loop()
    {
    
      //
      // MAIN LOOP
      // Runs every few seconds. By counting how often this loop has run (and resetting that counter back to zero after 250 loops), it becomes possible to schedule all kinds of things without using a lot of memory.
      // Maximum time that can be scheduled is 4s * 250 loops = 1000 seconds. So the maximum time between sending data can be 16 minutes.
      //
    
      static byte loopCounter = 0;                      // Counts the loops until the SLEEPTIME value has been reached. Then new data is sent to the controller.
      static boolean loopDone = false;                  // used to make sure the 'once every millisecond' things only run once every millisecond (or 2.. sometimes the millis() function skips a millisecond.);
    
      // Avoid the loop running at the speed of the processor (multiple times per millisecond). This entire construction saves memory by not using a long to store the last time the loop ran.
      if( (millis() % LOOPDURATION) > LOOPDURATION - 4 && loopDone == true ) {
        loopDone = false;  
      }
    
      // Main loop to time actions.
      if( (millis() % LOOPDURATION) < 4 && loopDone == false ) { // the 4 is just a precaution: sometimes the milli() function skips a millisecond. This ensure the loop code still runs in that rare case.
        loopDone = true;
        //loopCounter++;
        Serial.print(F("__loop_"));Serial.println(loopCounter);
    
        wdt_reset(); // Reset the watchdog timer
    
        byte selectedSensor = loopCounter % NUMBER_OF_SENSORS;
        Serial.print(F("_modulo:_")); Serial.println(selectedSensor);
        //for (byte i=0; i<NUMBER_OF_SENSORS; i++){         // loop over all the sensors.
    
          int16_t moistureLevel = analogRead(analog_pins[selectedSensor]);
          Serial.print(F(" moisture level (pre): "));
          Serial.println(moistureLevel);
          if(moistureLevel > 700){moistureLevel = 700;}
          moistureLevel = map(moistureLevel,0,700,0,99); // The maximum voltage output of the capacitive sensor is 3V, so since we're measuring 0-5v about 614 is the highest value we'll ever get.
          Serial.print(selectedSensor);
          Serial.print(F(" moisture level %: "));
          Serial.println(moistureLevel);
    
          //if(moistureLevels[selectedSensor] != moistureLevel){
    
          //byte dimmerID = selectedSensor + 1; //(selectedSensor*2)+1;
          //Serial.print(F("Requesting dimmer ")); Serial.println(dimmerID);
          // request(dimmerID, V_DIMMER ); // from now on we let the server push the value.
          moistureLevels[selectedSensor] = moistureLevel;   
             
    #ifdef HAS_SCREEN
          drawItem(selectedSensor);
     
    #endif
    
    
    
          //}
          //if(digitalRead(shiftedDigitalPin) == HIGH){  // outputs the LED/irrigation status via serial. This code can be removed.
          //  Serial.print(F("- currently watering until "));
          //  Serial.println(moistureThresholds[selectedSensor] + 10);
          //}
    
    
          // TO-DO actuator
          // byte shiftedDigitalPin = selectedSensor + 3;
          
          if( moistureLevel < moistureThresholds[selectedSensor] ){   // if the plant doesn' have enough water, turn on the LED/water.
            Serial.print(F("- moisture level is below ")); Serial.println(moistureThresholds[selectedSensor]);
            //digitalWrite(shiftedDigitalPin, HIGH);
          }else if (moistureLevel >= moistureThresholds[selectedSensor] + 10){  // turn of the water/led if the plant is wet enough.
            //digitalWrite(shiftedDigitalPin, LOW);
          }
    
          if(loopCounter == 0){                          
            // Whole dealing with the first sensor we also do a check if the server is responding ok. It it doesn't respond, remove the connection icon.
            if(send(msg.setSensor(selectedSensor*2).set(moistureLevel),1)){ // ask for a receipt
              Serial.println(F("Connection is ok"));
    #ifdef HAS_DISPLAY
              // add W icon
              mySerial.print(F("DCV16(115,1,w,0);"));
    #endif
            }else {
              Serial.println(F("Connection lost"));
    #ifdef HAS_DISPLAY
              // remove W icon
              mySerial.print(F("DCV16(115,1, ,0);"));
    #endif        
            }
            
          } else if(loopCounter < NUMBER_OF_SENSORS){       // During the first few loops the script will send updated data.
            if(loopCounter == selectedSensor){                           // It sends sensor 0 at second 0. Sensor 1 at second 1, etc. This keeps the radio happy.
              Serial.println(F("- sending data."));
              send(msg.setSensor(selectedSensor*2).set(moistureLevel));  // 0, 2, 4 etc
            }
          }
        
        loopCounter++;
        if(loopCounter >= SLEEPTIME){                       // If enough time has passed, the counter is reset, and new data is sent.
          loopCounter = 0;
        }
      }
    }
    
    
    
    void receive(const MyMessage &message)
    {
      Serial.print(F("<- message for child #")); Serial.println(message.sensor);
      
      if (message.type == V_PERCENTAGE) {
    
        //  Retrieve the power or dim level from the incoming request message
        int requestedLevel = atoi( message.data );
        Serial.print(F("Requested level is "));
        Serial.println( requestedLevel );
        
        byte sensorID = (message.sensor - 1) / 2;
        // Adjust incoming level if this is a V_LIGHT variable update [0 == off, 1 == on]
        // requestedLevel *= ( message.type == V_LIGHT ? 100 : 1 );
    
        //if(message.sensor == ROTATING_PASSWORD2_ID){
    
        Serial.print(F("Before clipping requested level: "));
        Serial.println( requestedLevel );
    
        // Clip incoming level to valid range of 0 to 100
        //requestedLevel = requestedLevel > 100 ? 100 : requestedLevel;
        //requestedLevel = requestedLevel < 0   ? 0   : requestedLevel;
        if(requestedLevel > 100){ requestedLevel = 100;}
        if(requestedLevel < 0){ requestedLevel = 0;}
    
        if(requestedLevel < 1 ||  requestedLevel > 99){
        }else{
          Serial.print(F("Changing level to "));
          Serial.print( byte(requestedLevel) );
          Serial.print(F(", from "));
          Serial.println( moistureThresholds[sensorID] );
          moistureThresholds[sensorID] = byte(requestedLevel);
          saveState(sensorID, moistureThresholds[sensorID]);
    
          drawItem(sensorID); // Finally, update the screen.
        }
        
        // Inform the gateway of the current DimmableLED's SwitchPower1 and LoadLevelStatus value...
        //send(lightMsg.set(currentLevel > 0));
    
        // hek comment: Is this really nessesary?
        //send( dimmerMsg.set(currentLevel) );
    
      }
    }
    
    #ifdef HAS_SCREEN
    void drawItem(byte selectedSensor)
    {
      // Prepare variables to send to the screen.
      byte verticalPosition = selectedSensor*18+28;
      Serial.println(verticalPosition);
      byte color = 10;  // green
      String spacer = F("");
      if( moistureLevels[selectedSensor] < 10){spacer = F(" ");}
      if(moistureLevels[selectedSensor] <= moistureThresholds[selectedSensor]){ // set the font color. Red if the plan is thirsty.
        color = 1;      // red
      }else if(moistureLevels[selectedSensor] <= moistureThresholds[selectedSensor] + 5){ // black for normal
        color = 13;     // orange
      }
      
      // Create graph
      Serial.print(F("/// Creating graph for: ")); Serial.println(selectedSensor);
      mySerial.print(F("BOXF(25,"));
      mySerial.print(String(verticalPosition + 1) + "," + String(25 + moistureLevels[selectedSensor])  + "," + String(verticalPosition + 16) + "," + String(color) + ");");
      mySerial.print("BOXF(" + String(25 + moistureLevels[selectedSensor] + 1) + ","  + String(verticalPosition + 1) + ",124," + String(verticalPosition + 16) + ",7);");
      
      mySerial.print("PL(" + String(25 + moistureThresholds[selectedSensor]) + "," + String(verticalPosition + 3) + "," + String(25 + moistureThresholds[selectedSensor])  + "," + String(verticalPosition + 14) + ",8);"); // Small vertical line that indicates the threshold
      
      mySerial.println("DCV16(5," + String(verticalPosition) + "," + String(spacer) + String(moistureLevels[selectedSensor]) + "," + String(color) + ");"); // Moisture level number on the left
      //mySerial.println();
      //String screenCommand = F("DCV16(5,");
      //screenCommand += String(verticalPosition) + F(" ,");
      //screenCommand += String(moistureLevel) + F(", ") + String(color) + F(");");
      //Serial.println(screenCommand);
      //mySerial.print(screenCommand);
      //wait(200); 
      
    }
    #endif
    
    
    /* THANKS TO
     * 
     * The MySensors Arduino library handles the wireless radio link and protocol
     * between your home built sensors/actuators and HA controller of choice.
     * The sensors forms a self healing radio network with optional repeaters. Each
     * repeater and gateway builds a routing tables in EEPROM which keeps track of the
     * network topology allowing messages to be routed to nodes.
     *
     * Created by Henrik Ekblad <henrik.ekblad@mysensors.org>
     * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Sensnology AB
     * Full contributor list: https://github.com/mysensors/Arduino/graphs/contributors
     *
     * Documentation: http://www.mysensors.org
     * Support Forum: http://forum.mysensors.org
     *
     * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
     * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
     * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
     *
     */
    


  • Many Thanks !

    I will try. 👍



  • I tried to connect to Mysensors Seriel Gateway but it does not work. The Soil Moisture Sensor is not visible for Gateway .


  • Plugin Developer

    I take it you modified the code, right?

    For example, the code I shared has encryption built in, etc.



  • I have not changed anything. I'm not so good with code. Which part should I change?


  • Plugin Developer

    remove:

    #define HAS_SCREEN            // Have you connected a screen?       
    
    #define MY_SECURITY_SIMPLE_PASSWD "changeme"        // Be aware, the length of the password has an effect on memory use.
    

    And change #define NUMBER_OF_SENSORS 6 to the number of sensors you have attached to pin A0, A1, A2, etc.



  • I changed code but it still does not work.

    /*
     *
     * DESCRIPTION
     * 
     * This node can measure the moisture of 6 different plants. It uses the cheap 'capacitive analog 
     * moisture sensor' that you can get for about 3 dollars an Aliexpress or eBay. For example:
     * https://www.aliexpress.com/item/Analog-Capacitive-Soil-Moisture-Sensor-V1-2-Corrosion-Resistant-Z09-Drop-ship/32858273308.html
     * 
     * Each plant' moisture value can also be responded to individually, either by turning on an LED (wire that to the plan, and you can see which one is thirsty) or, if you want, per-plant automated irrigation by connecting a little solenoid..
     * 
     * 
     * SETTINGS */
    
    #define NUMBER_OF_SENSORS 1   // How many moisture sensors are connected?
    
    #define SLEEPTIME 100         // How many seconds should pass between checking on the plants? Don't make this less than 15 or more than 255.
         
    
    
     /* END OF SETTINGS
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      *  
      */
    
    // Enable MySensors debug prints to serial monitor
    #define MY_DEBUG 
    
    // Enable and select radio type attached
    #define MY_RADIO_RF24
    //#define MY_RADIO_NRF5_ESB
    //#define MY_RADIO_RFM69
    //#define MY_RADIO_RFM95
    
    // Set LOW transmit power level as default, if you have an amplified NRF-module and power your radio separately with a good regulator you can turn up PA level. Choose one:
    //#define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_MIN
    #define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_LOW
    //#define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_HIGH
    //#define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_MAX
    
    // Easy to use security, yay!
    //#define MY_SIGNING_SOFT_RANDOMSEED_PIN A7         // setting a pin to pickup noise makes encryption more secure.
    
    // Advanced features
    #define MY_TRANSPORT_WAIT_READY_MS 10000            // try connecting for 10 seconds. Otherwise just continue.
    //#define MY_RF24_CHANNEL 100                       // in EU the default channel 76 overlaps with wifi.
    //#define MY_RF24_DATARATE RF24_1MBPS               // slower datarate makes the network more stable?
    //#define MY_NODE_ID 13                             // giving a node a manual ID can in rare cases fix connection issues.
    //#define MY_PARENT_NODE_ID 0                       // fixating the ID of the gatewaynode can in rare cases fix connection issues.
    //#define MY_PARENT_NODE_IS_STATIC                  // Used together with setting the parent node ID. Daking the controller ID static can in rare cases fix connection issues.
    //#define MY_SPLASH_SCREEN_DISABLED                   // saves a little memory.
    //#define MY_DISABLE_RAM_ROUTING_TABLE_FEATURE      // saves a little memory.
    
    
    
    //
    // FURTHER SETTINGS
    //
    
    #define IRRIGATION_RELAYS 6                         // How many irrigation relays are connected?
    #define SLEEPTIME 100                               // In seconds, how often should a measurement be made and sent to the server? The maximum delay between measurements is once every 254 seconds, but if you change "byte" to "int" further down in the code you could create more time between each loop.
    #define LOOPDURATION 5000                           // The main loop runs every x milliseconds. This main loop starts the modem, and from then on periodically requests the password.
    
    #define RF_DELAY 100                                // Milliseconds betweeen radio signals during the presentation phase.
    
    // Do you want this node to also be a repeater?
    #define MY_REPEATER_FEATURE                         // Just add or remove the two slashes at the beginning of this line to select if you want this sensor to act as a repeater for other sensors. If this node is on battery power, you probably shouldn't enable this. Otherwise it's smart to make every node also a repeater.
    
    
    //
    // Do not change below this line
    // 
    
    #include <MySensors.h>
    
    
    
    #ifdef HAS_SCREEN
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial mySerial(7,6);                       // RX, TX
    #endif
    
    
    static const uint8_t analog_pins[] = {A0,A1,A2,A3,A4,A5};
    byte moistureLevels[6] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
    byte moistureThresholds[6] = {35, 35, 35, 35, 35, 35}; // for each plant we can have a unique moisture level to compare against.
    MyMessage thresholdMsg(0, V_PERCENTAGE);            // used to create a dimmer on the controller that controls the mosture threshold;
    MyMessage msg(0, V_LEVEL);                          // used to send moisture level data to the gateway
    
    //const char xxxx = "hello";
    //const char ids[7] = "112233445566";
    
    
    void before()
    {
    
      //for (byte i = 3; i < NUMBER_OF_SENSORS + 3; i++){ // Set the LED (or irrigation vales) to their initial position. Because Mysensors uses pin 2, we use pin 3 till 8 as output.
      //  pinMode(i, OUTPUT);
      //  digitalWrite(i, LOW);
      //}
      
    }
    
    
    void presentation()
    {
      // Send the sketch version information to the gateway and Controller
      sendSketchInfo(F("Plant Health"), F("1.3"));  wait(RF_DELAY);
    
      // Present the sensors
      //for (byte i=0; i<NUMBER_OF_SENSORS*2 ; i=i+2) {
        present(0, S_MOISTURE, "1");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(1, S_DIMMER, "1");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(2, S_MOISTURE, "2");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(3, S_DIMMER, "2");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(4, S_MOISTURE, "3");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(5, S_DIMMER, "3");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(6, S_MOISTURE, "4");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(7, S_DIMMER, "4");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(8, S_MOISTURE, "5");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(9, S_DIMMER, "5");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
        present(10, S_MOISTURE, "6");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present all the sensors
        present(11, S_DIMMER, "6");  wait(RF_DELAY);       // present the dimmers to set the level with.
      //}
    
    
    }
    
    void setup()
    {
      Serial.begin(115200);                             // Start serial output of data.
      while (!Serial) {}                                // Wait for serial connection to be initiated
      Serial.println(F("Hello world"));
    
      //Serial.print("ids-"); Serial.println(ids[1]);
    
      // Setup pins for input
      //for (byte i = 15; i < 21; i++) {
      //}
    
      // Setup pins for input
      for (int i = 0; i < NUMBER_OF_SENSORS; i++) { //or i <= 5
        pinMode(analog_pins[i], INPUT); // experimental new: added the pullup.
         wait(1);
      }
    
    
    #ifdef HAS_SCREEN
      mySerial.begin(115200);
      //wait(1500);
      //mySerial.print("RESET;");
      wait(1500);
      mySerial.print("CLR(0);");
      mySerial.print("BOXF(0,0,128,18,15);");
      mySerial.print("DCV16(5,1,Plant health, 10);");
      if(isTransportReady()){
        mySerial.print("DCV16(115,1,w,0);");
      }
      for (byte i=0; i<NUMBER_OF_SENSORS ; i++) {
        byte verticalPosition = i*18+28;
        mySerial.print("BOXF(3," + String(verticalPosition) + ",124," + String(verticalPosition + 16) + ",15);");
        mySerial.print("DCV16(5," + String(verticalPosition) + ",A" + i + ",0);");
      }
      mySerial.println();
      wait(500);
    #endif
    
      // load the threshold level from the built-in EEPROM memory.
      for (byte i=0; i<NUMBER_OF_SENSORS ; i++) {
        moistureThresholds[i] = loadState(i);
        if(moistureThresholds[i] > 99){moistureThresholds[i] = 35;}
        Serial.print(F("Loaded: ")); Serial.println(moistureThresholds[i]);
      }
      
      Serial.println(F("Warming up the sensors (15 seconds).")); // to avoid weird measurements
      wait(15000);
      request(1, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY); // to-do: only present the actually connected number of sensors.
      request(3, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
      request(5, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
      request(7, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
      request(9, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
      request(11, V_PERCENTAGE ); wait(RF_DELAY);
    
      wdt_enable(WDTO_8S);                              // Starts the watchdog timer. If it is not reset once every 2 seconds, then the entire device will automatically restart.                                
    }
    
    
    void loop()
    {
    
      //
      // MAIN LOOP
      // Runs every few seconds. By counting how often this loop has run (and resetting that counter back to zero after 250 loops), it becomes possible to schedule all kinds of things without using a lot of memory.
      // Maximum time that can be scheduled is 4s * 250 loops = 1000 seconds. So the maximum time between sending data can be 16 minutes.
      //
    
      static byte loopCounter = 0;                      // Counts the loops until the SLEEPTIME value has been reached. Then new data is sent to the controller.
      static boolean loopDone = false;                  // used to make sure the 'once every millisecond' things only run once every millisecond (or 2.. sometimes the millis() function skips a millisecond.);
    
      // Avoid the loop running at the speed of the processor (multiple times per millisecond). This entire construction saves memory by not using a long to store the last time the loop ran.
      if( (millis() % LOOPDURATION) > LOOPDURATION - 4 && loopDone == true ) {
        loopDone = false;  
      }
    
      // Main loop to time actions.
      if( (millis() % LOOPDURATION) < 4 && loopDone == false ) { // the 4 is just a precaution: sometimes the milli() function skips a millisecond. This ensure the loop code still runs in that rare case.
        loopDone = true;
        //loopCounter++;
        Serial.print(F("__loop_"));Serial.println(loopCounter);
    
        wdt_reset(); // Reset the watchdog timer
    
        byte selectedSensor = loopCounter % NUMBER_OF_SENSORS;
        Serial.print(F("_modulo:_")); Serial.println(selectedSensor);
        //for (byte i=0; i<NUMBER_OF_SENSORS; i++){         // loop over all the sensors.
    
          int16_t moistureLevel = analogRead(analog_pins[selectedSensor]);
          Serial.print(F(" moisture level (pre): "));
          Serial.println(moistureLevel);
          if(moistureLevel > 700){moistureLevel = 700;}
          moistureLevel = map(moistureLevel,0,700,0,99); // The maximum voltage output of the capacitive sensor is 3V, so since we're measuring 0-5v about 614 is the highest value we'll ever get.
          Serial.print(selectedSensor);
          Serial.print(F(" moisture level %: "));
          Serial.println(moistureLevel);
    
          //if(moistureLevels[selectedSensor] != moistureLevel){
    
          //byte dimmerID = selectedSensor + 1; //(selectedSensor*2)+1;
          //Serial.print(F("Requesting dimmer ")); Serial.println(dimmerID);
          // request(dimmerID, V_DIMMER ); // from now on we let the server push the value.
          moistureLevels[selectedSensor] = moistureLevel;   
             
    #ifdef HAS_SCREEN
          drawItem(selectedSensor);
     
    #endif
    
    
    
          //}
          //if(digitalRead(shiftedDigitalPin) == HIGH){  // outputs the LED/irrigation status via serial. This code can be removed.
          //  Serial.print(F("- currently watering until "));
          //  Serial.println(moistureThresholds[selectedSensor] + 10);
          //}
    
    
          // TO-DO actuator
          // byte shiftedDigitalPin = selectedSensor + 3;
          
          if( moistureLevel < moistureThresholds[selectedSensor] ){   // if the plant doesn' have enough water, turn on the LED/water.
            Serial.print(F("- moisture level is below ")); Serial.println(moistureThresholds[selectedSensor]);
            //digitalWrite(shiftedDigitalPin, HIGH);
          }else if (moistureLevel >= moistureThresholds[selectedSensor] + 10){  // turn of the water/led if the plant is wet enough.
            //digitalWrite(shiftedDigitalPin, LOW);
          }
    
          if(loopCounter == 0){                          
            // Whole dealing with the first sensor we also do a check if the server is responding ok. It it doesn't respond, remove the connection icon.
            if(send(msg.setSensor(selectedSensor*2).set(moistureLevel),1)){ // ask for a receipt
              Serial.println(F("Connection is ok"));
    #ifdef HAS_DISPLAY
              // add W icon
              mySerial.print(F("DCV16(115,1,w,0);"));
    #endif
            }else {
              Serial.println(F("Connection lost"));
    #ifdef HAS_DISPLAY
              // remove W icon
              mySerial.print(F("DCV16(115,1, ,0);"));
    #endif        
            }
            
          } else if(loopCounter < NUMBER_OF_SENSORS){       // During the first few loops the script will send updated data.
            if(loopCounter == selectedSensor){                           // It sends sensor 0 at second 0. Sensor 1 at second 1, etc. This keeps the radio happy.
              Serial.println(F("- sending data."));
              send(msg.setSensor(selectedSensor*2).set(moistureLevel));  // 0, 2, 4 etc
            }
          }
        
        loopCounter++;
        if(loopCounter >= SLEEPTIME){                       // If enough time has passed, the counter is reset, and new data is sent.
          loopCounter = 0;
        }
      }
    }
    
    
    
    void receive(const MyMessage &message)
    {
      Serial.print(F("<- message for child #")); Serial.println(message.sensor);
      
      if (message.type == V_PERCENTAGE) {
    
        //  Retrieve the power or dim level from the incoming request message
        int requestedLevel = atoi( message.data );
        Serial.print(F("Requested level is "));
        Serial.println( requestedLevel );
        
        byte sensorID = (message.sensor - 1) / 2;
        // Adjust incoming level if this is a V_LIGHT variable update [0 == off, 1 == on]
        // requestedLevel *= ( message.type == V_LIGHT ? 100 : 1 );
    
        //if(message.sensor == ROTATING_PASSWORD2_ID){
    
        Serial.print(F("Before clipping requested level: "));
        Serial.println( requestedLevel );
    
        // Clip incoming level to valid range of 0 to 100
        //requestedLevel = requestedLevel > 100 ? 100 : requestedLevel;
        //requestedLevel = requestedLevel < 0   ? 0   : requestedLevel;
        if(requestedLevel > 100){ requestedLevel = 100;}
        if(requestedLevel < 0){ requestedLevel = 0;}
    
        if(requestedLevel < 1 ||  requestedLevel > 99){
        }else{
          Serial.print(F("Changing level to "));
          Serial.print( byte(requestedLevel) );
          Serial.print(F(", from "));
          Serial.println( moistureThresholds[sensorID] );
          moistureThresholds[sensorID] = byte(requestedLevel);
          saveState(sensorID, moistureThresholds[sensorID]);
    
          //drawItem(sensorID); // Finally, update the screen.
        }
        
        // Inform the gateway of the current DimmableLED's SwitchPower1 and LoadLevelStatus value...
        //send(lightMsg.set(currentLevel > 0));
    
        // hek comment: Is this really nessesary?
        //send( dimmerMsg.set(currentLevel) );
    
      }
    }
    
    #ifdef HAS_SCREEN
    void drawItem(byte selectedSensor)
    {
      // Prepare variables to send to the screen.
      byte verticalPosition = selectedSensor*18+28;
      Serial.println(verticalPosition);
      byte color = 10;  // green
      String spacer = F("");
      if( moistureLevels[selectedSensor] < 10){spacer = F(" ");}
      if(moistureLevels[selectedSensor] <= moistureThresholds[selectedSensor]){ // set the font color. Red if the plan is thirsty.
        color = 1;      // red
      }else if(moistureLevels[selectedSensor] <= moistureThresholds[selectedSensor] + 5){ // black for normal
        color = 13;     // orange
      }
      
      // Create graph
      Serial.print(F("/// Creating graph for: ")); Serial.println(selectedSensor);
      mySerial.print(F("BOXF(25,"));
      mySerial.print(String(verticalPosition + 1) + "," + String(25 + moistureLevels[selectedSensor])  + "," + String(verticalPosition + 16) + "," + String(color) + ");");
      mySerial.print("BOXF(" + String(25 + moistureLevels[selectedSensor] + 1) + ","  + String(verticalPosition + 1) + ",124," + String(verticalPosition + 16) + ",7);");
      
      mySerial.print("PL(" + String(25 + moistureThresholds[selectedSensor]) + "," + String(verticalPosition + 3) + "," + String(25 + moistureThresholds[selectedSensor])  + "," + String(verticalPosition + 14) + ",8);"); // Small vertical line that indicates the threshold
      
      mySerial.println("DCV16(5," + String(verticalPosition) + "," + String(spacer) + String(moistureLevels[selectedSensor]) + "," + String(color) + ");"); // Moisture level number on the left
      //mySerial.println();
      //String screenCommand = F("DCV16(5,");
      //screenCommand += String(verticalPosition) + F(" ,");
      //screenCommand += String(moistureLevel) + F(", ") + String(color) + F(");");
      //Serial.println(screenCommand);
      //mySerial.print(screenCommand);
      //wait(200); 
      
    }
    #endif
    
    
    /* THANKS TO
     * 
     * The MySensors Arduino library handles the wireless radio link and protocol
     * between your home built sensors/actuators and HA controller of choice.
     * The sensors forms a self healing radio network with optional repeaters. Each
     * repeater and gateway builds a routing tables in EEPROM which keeps track of the
     * network topology allowing messages to be routed to nodes.
     *
     * Created by Henrik Ekblad <henrik.ekblad@mysensors.org>
     * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Sensnology AB
     * Full contributor list: https://github.com/mysensors/Arduino/graphs/contributors
     *
     * Documentation: http://www.mysensors.org
     * Support Forum: http://forum.mysensors.org
     *
     * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
     * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
     * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
     *
     */```


  • That's from sensor:

    16 MCO:BGN:INIT REPEATER,CP=RNNRA---,REL=255,VER=2.3.1
    26 MCO:BGN:BFR
    28 TSM:INIT
    29 TSF:WUR:MS=10000
    35 !TSM:INIT:TSP FAIL
    37 TSM:FAIL:CNT=1
    39 TSM:FAIL:DIS
    40 TSF:TDI:TSL
    10030 MCO:BGN:STP
    Hello world
    Loaded: 35
    Warming up the sensors (15 seconds).
    10042 TSM:FAIL:RE-INIT
    10044 TSM:INIT
    10050 !TSM:INIT:TSP FAIL
    10052 TSM:FAIL:CNT=2
    10054 TSM:FAIL:DIS
    10056 TSF:TDI:TSL
    20059 TSM:FAIL:RE-INIT
    20061 TSM:INIT
    20067 !TSM:INIT:TSP FAIL
    20069 TSM:FAIL:CNT=3
    20071 TSM:FAIL:DIS
    20073 TSF:TDI:TSL
    


  • This is from Gateway:

    0;255;3;0;9;0 MCO:BGN:INIT GW,CP=RNNGA---,REL=255,VER=2.3.1
    0;255;3;0;9;5 TSM:INIT
    0;255;3;0;9;7 TSF:WUR:MS=0
    0;255;3;0;9;14 TSM:INIT:TSP OK
    0;255;3;0;9;17 TSM:INIT:GW MODE
    0;255;3;0;9;20 TSM:READY:ID=0,PAR=0,DIS=0
    0;255;3;0;9;24 MCO:REG:NOT NEEDED
    0;255;3;0;14;Gateway startup complete.
    0;255;0;0;18;2.3.1
    0;255;3;0;9;28 MCO:BGN:STP
    0;255;3;0;9;34 MCO:BGN:INIT OK,TSP=1
    0;255;3;0;9;37 TSM:READY:NWD REQ
    0;255;3;0;9;76 TSF:MSG:SEND,0-0-255-255,s=255,c=3,t=20,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=OK:
    


  • Gateway is ok. Other sensors are connected.


  • Mod

    @k5austria !TSM:INIT:TSP FAIL means that the node is unable to initialize the radio. Without radio initialization, the node cannot communicate.

    Triple-check the radio wiring. Replace the radio module if possible. If you don't find a problem, post pictures of the wiring here and we'll help you.

    If you haven't already, check out https://forum.mysensors.org/topic/666/debug-faq-and-how-ask-for-help/ for info on how to troubleshoot efficiently.



  • @mfalkvidd

    Thank you for your answer !!!
    You're right. Radio module was defective (every 3 pcs.). I got new ones today and now everything works fine. I still have some questions about code.

    • Why do i get response from sensor every 8 minutes ?

    • May I operate my cheap Aliexpress radio module (nRF24L01+PA+LNA) with MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_MAX ? Power supply is enough.



  • 0_1565944929272_541.jpg


  • Mod

    Nice work @k5austria

    The code is a bit too complex for me to follow, so I can't guess why something happens every 8 minutes. Sorry.


  • Plugin Developer

    What have you set as:

    #define SLEEPTIME 100                               // In seconds, how often should a measurement be made and sent to the server? The maximum delay between measurements is once every 254 seconds, but if you change "byte" to "int" further down in the code you could create more time between each loop.
    #define LOOPDURATION 5000                           // The main loop runs every x milliseconds. This main loop starts the modem, and from then on periodically requests the password.
    
    

    5000 * 1000 = 5.000.000 milliseconds between measurements = 8.33 minutes

    Change the loopduration (how long a tick of the internal clock takes) to 1000, and then the SLEEPTIME variable is in normal seconds again.


  • Plugin Developer

    @k5austria said in Soil Moisture Sensor / analog value:

    May I operate my cheap Aliexpress radio module (nRF24L01+PA+LNA) with MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_MAX ? Power supply is enough

    In my experience this will fail.



  • Thanks guys ! Everything works fine .


 

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