Unable to get simple Gateway + Button Sensor to work together



  • Hi all,

    I started testing a simple configuration with a Serial Gateway and Binary Switch Sensor and I'm unable to get the two devices to interact with each other.
    The gateway is an Uno linked to a standard (no antenna) NRF24L01+ with a 47uF cap across 3v3 and GND. The code on it looks like so:

      /**
     * The MySensors Arduino library handles the wireless radio link and protocol
     * between your home built sensors/actuators and HA controller of choice.
     * The sensors forms a self healing radio network with optional repeaters. Each
     * repeater and gateway builds a routing tables in EEPROM which keeps track of the
     * network topology allowing messages to be routed to nodes.
     *
     * Created by Henrik Ekblad <henrik.ekblad@mysensors.org>
     * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Sensnology AB
     * Full contributor list: https://github.com/mysensors/Arduino/graphs/contributors
     *
     * Documentation: http://www.mysensors.org
     * Support Forum: http://forum.mysensors.org
     *
     * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
     * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
     * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
     *
     *******************************
     *
     * DESCRIPTION
     * The ArduinoGateway prints data received from sensors on the serial link. 
     * The gateway accepts input on seral which will be sent out on radio network.
     *
     * The GW code is designed for Arduino Nano 328p / 16MHz
     *
     * Wire connections (OPTIONAL):
     * - Inclusion button should be connected between digital pin 3 and GND  
     * - RX/TX/ERR leds need to be connected between +5V (anode) and digital pin 6/5/4 with resistor 270-330R in a series
     *
     * LEDs (OPTIONAL):
     * - To use the feature, uncomment MY_LEDS_BLINKING_FEATURE in MyConfig.h
     * - RX (green) - blink fast on radio message recieved. In inclusion mode will blink fast only on presentation recieved
     * - TX (yellow) - blink fast on radio message transmitted. In inclusion mode will blink slowly
     * - ERR (red) - fast blink on error during transmission error or recieve crc error 
     * 
     */
    
    // Enable debug prints to serial monitor
    #define MY_DEBUG 
    
    
    // Enable and select radio type attached
    #define MY_RADIO_NRF24
    //#define MY_RADIO_RFM69
    
    // Set LOW transmit power level as default, if you have an amplified NRF-module and
    // power your radio separately with a good regulator you can turn up PA level. 
    #define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_LOW
    
    // Enable serial gateway
    #define MY_GATEWAY_SERIAL
    
    // Define a lower baud rate for Arduino's running on 8 MHz (Arduino Pro Mini 3.3V & SenseBender)
    #if F_CPU == 8000000L
    #define MY_BAUD_RATE 38400
    #endif
    
    // Flash leds on rx/tx/err
    #define MY_LEDS_BLINKING_FEATURE
    // Set blinking period
    #define MY_DEFAULT_LED_BLINK_PERIOD 300
    
    // Inverses the behavior of leds
    //#define MY_WITH_LEDS_BLINKING_INVERSE
    
    // Enable inclusion mode
    #define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_FEATURE
    // Enable Inclusion mode button on gateway
    #define MY_INCLUSION_BUTTON_FEATURE
    
    // Inverses behavior of inclusion button (if using external pullup)
    //#define MY_INCLUSION_BUTTON_EXTERNAL_PULLUP
    
    // Set inclusion mode duration (in seconds)
    #define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_DURATION 60 
    // Digital pin used for inclusion mode button
    #define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_BUTTON_PIN  3 
    
    // Uncomment to override default HW configurations
    //#define MY_DEFAULT_ERR_LED_PIN 4  // Error led pin
    //#define MY_DEFAULT_RX_LED_PIN  6  // Receive led pin
    //#define MY_DEFAULT_TX_LED_PIN  5  // the PCB, on board LED
    
    #include <SPI.h>
    #include <MySensors.h>  
    
    void setup() { 
      // Setup locally attached sensors
    }
    
    void presentation() {
     // Present locally attached sensors 
    }
    
    void loop() { 
      // Send locally attached sensor data here 
    }
    
    
    
    
    

    The sensor is an Uno linked to a standard (no antenna) NRF24L01+ with a 47uF cap across 3v3 and GND. Code on it is as so:

    /**
     * The MySensors Arduino library handles the wireless radio link and protocol
     * between your home built sensors/actuators and HA controller of choice.
     * The sensors forms a self healing radio network with optional repeaters. Each
     * repeater and gateway builds a routing tables in EEPROM which keeps track of the
     * network topology allowing messages to be routed to nodes.
     *
     * Created by Henrik Ekblad <henrik.ekblad@mysensors.org>
     * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Sensnology AB
     * Full contributor list: https://github.com/mysensors/Arduino/graphs/contributors
     *
     * Documentation: http://www.mysensors.org
     * Support Forum: http://forum.mysensors.org
     *
     * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
     * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
     * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
     *
     *******************************
     *
     * DESCRIPTION
     *
     * Interrupt driven binary switch example with dual interrupts
     * Author: Patrick 'Anticimex' Fallberg
     * Connect one button or door/window reed switch between 
     * digitial I/O pin 3 (BUTTON_PIN below) and GND and the other
     * one in similar fashion on digital I/O pin 2.
     * This example is designed to fit Arduino Nano/Pro Mini
     * 
     */
    
    
    // Enable debug prints to serial monitor
    #define MY_DEBUG 
    
    // Enable and select radio type attached
    #define MY_RADIO_NRF24
    //#define MY_RADIO_RFM69
    
    #include <SPI.h>
    #include <MySensors.h>
    
    #define SKETCH_NAME "Binary Sensor"
    #define SKETCH_MAJOR_VER "1"
    #define SKETCH_MINOR_VER "0"
    
    #define PRIMARY_CHILD_ID 3
    #define SECONDARY_CHILD_ID 4
    
    #define PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN 2   // Arduino Digital I/O pin for button/reed switch
    #define SECONDARY_BUTTON_PIN 3 // Arduino Digital I/O pin for button/reed switch
    
    #if (PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN < 2 || PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN > 3)
    #error PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN must be either 2 or 3 for interrupts to work
    #endif
    #if (SECONDARY_BUTTON_PIN < 2 || SECONDARY_BUTTON_PIN > 3)
    #error SECONDARY_BUTTON_PIN must be either 2 or 3 for interrupts to work
    #endif
    #if (PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN == SECONDARY_BUTTON_PIN)
    #error PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN and BUTTON_PIN2 cannot be the same
    #endif
    #if (PRIMARY_CHILD_ID == SECONDARY_CHILD_ID)
    #error PRIMARY_CHILD_ID and SECONDARY_CHILD_ID cannot be the same
    #endif
     
    
    // Change to V_LIGHT if you use S_LIGHT in presentation below
    MyMessage msg(PRIMARY_CHILD_ID, V_TRIPPED);
    MyMessage msg2(SECONDARY_CHILD_ID, V_TRIPPED);
    
    void setup()  
    {  
      // Setup the buttons
      pinMode(PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN, INPUT);
      pinMode(SECONDARY_BUTTON_PIN, INPUT);
    
      // Activate internal pull-ups
      digitalWrite(PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN, HIGH);
      digitalWrite(SECONDARY_BUTTON_PIN, HIGH);
    }
    
    void presentation() {
      // Send the sketch version information to the gateway and Controller
      sendSketchInfo(SKETCH_NAME, SKETCH_MAJOR_VER "." SKETCH_MINOR_VER);
    
      // Register binary input sensor to sensor_node (they will be created as child devices)
      // You can use S_DOOR, S_MOTION or S_LIGHT here depending on your usage. 
      // If S_LIGHT is used, remember to update variable type you send in. See "msg" above.
      present(PRIMARY_CHILD_ID, S_DOOR);  
      present(SECONDARY_CHILD_ID, S_DOOR);  
    }
    
    // Loop will iterate on changes on the BUTTON_PINs
    void loop() 
    {
      uint8_t value;
      static uint8_t sentValue=2;
      static uint8_t sentValue2=2;
    
      // Short delay to allow buttons to properly settle
      sleep(5);
      
      value = digitalRead(PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN);
      
      if (value != sentValue) {
         // Value has changed from last transmission, send the updated value
         send(msg.set(value==HIGH ? 1 : 0));
         sentValue = value;
      }
    
      value = digitalRead(SECONDARY_BUTTON_PIN);
      
      if (value != sentValue2) {
         // Value has changed from last transmission, send the updated value
         send(msg2.set(value==HIGH ? 1 : 0));
         sentValue2 = value;
      }
    
      // Sleep until something happens with the sensor
      sleep(PRIMARY_BUTTON_PIN-2, CHANGE, SECONDARY_BUTTON_PIN-2, CHANGE, 0);
    } 
    
    

    I managed to get the gateway to interact with both Domoticz and Home Assistant but neither reported the button to exist. I checked the serial output. On the gateway it says:

    0;255;3;0;9;Starting gateway (RNNGA-, 2.0.0)
    0;255;3;0;9;TSM:INIT
    0;255;3;0;9;TSM:RADIO:OK
    0;255;3;0;9;TSM:GW MODE
    0;255;3;0;9;TSM:READY
    0;255;3;0;14;Gateway startup complete.
    0;255;0;0;18;2.0.0
    0;255;3;0;9;No registration required
    0;255;3;0;9;Init complete, id=0, parent=0, distance=0, registration=1
    0;255;3;0;9;TSP:SANCHK:OK
    0;255;3;0;9;TSP:SANCHK:OK
    0;255;3;0;9;TSP:SANCHK:OK
    0;255;3;0;9;TSP:SANCHK:OK
    0;255;3;0;9;TSP:SANCHK:OK

    On the Sensor it says:

    Starting sensor (RNNNA-, 2.0.0)
    TSM:INIT
    TSM:RADIO:OK
    TSM:FPAR
    TSP:MSG:SEND 255-255-255-255 s=255,c=3,t=7,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=bc:
    TSM:FPAR
    TSP:MSG:SEND 255-255-255-255 s=255,c=3,t=7,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=bc:
    TSM:FPAR
    TSP:MSG:SEND 255-255-255-255 s=255,c=3,t=7,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=bc:
    TSM:FPAR
    TSP:MSG:SEND 255-255-255-255 s=255,c=3,t=7,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=bc:
    !TSM:FPAR:FAIL
    !TSM:FAILURE
    TSM:PDT
    TSM:INIT
    TSM:RADIO:OK
    TSM:FPAR
    TSP:MSG:SEND 255-255-255-255 s=255,c=3,t=7,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=bc:
    TSM:FPAR
    TSP:MSG:SEND 255-255-255-255 s=255,c=3,t=7,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=bc:
    TSM:FPAR
    TSP:MSG:SEND 255-255-255-255 s=255,c=3,t=7,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=bc:
    TSM:FPAR
    TSP:MSG:SEND 255-255-255-255 s=255,c=3,t=7,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=bc:
    !TSM:FPAR:FAIL
    !TSM:FAILURE
    TSM:PDT
    TSM:INIT
    TSM:RADIO:OK
    TSM:FPAR
    TSP:MSG:SEND 255-255-255-255 s=255,c=3,t=7,pt=0,l=0,sg=0,ft=0,st=bc:
    TSM:FPAR

    How should I interpret this error? Can't find anything on specific debug messages in the FAQ.

    Sketches were uploaded from a computer running Win 10 Home, Arduino 1.6.9 and MySensors 2.0.0 and all the code used above is copied near-verbatim from the MySensors examples.

    Is there any way for me to verify that the problem doesn't lie with my NRF24L01+ devices themselves?

    All help is massively appreciated!


  • Admin

    @thekeeno You can enable verbose mode for the nRF24:

    #define MY_DEBUG_VERBOSE_RF24
    

    Please enable it for both, GW and node, and post the debug log here. Thanks.


 

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