Help hacking a LED outdoor security light motion sensor



  • Hi there, love this community! You all rock!

    My topic relates to an outdoor LED security light i'm trying to turn into a node on my MYS network.

    I have 3 of them, they have a 6v battery pack on them, a pretty standard motion sensor and a high intensity LED. Also a 7v 1W solar panel to charge the battery.

    I measured the voltage that the sensor sends to the LED and it's 3.95volts.

    My question is this:

    I'm hoping to put a Pro Mini 3.3volt 8MHz inside plus a 1 channel relay board plus NRF.

    BUT

    **If I just directly send the motion sensor triggered voltage of 3.95volts to a digital input pin on the Pro Mini, would it blow something up since it's more than 3.3volts??
    **
    Thanks!


  • Hero Member

    @breimann that would be a risk. I can think of a few other options. But to keep your line of thought : use a voltage divider or resistor with a 3v zener diode.



  • Thanks @AWI. Can you possibly send a little circuit diagram or a link to one like you are referring to?

    I was thinking of using an SMD 3.3v regulator but it seems like a bit of overkill and I'm trying to save on space as much as possible.



  • @AWI do you mean something like this?

    0_1479280272876_resister and zener divider.png

    where the 5v input is my 3.95v and I replace the zener with a 3v zener instead?

    If that's right, could you help me with calculating the value of the resister and the exact specs for the zener please?

    Thanks in advance.


  • Hero Member

    @breimann That is exactly what I meant ;-) You can use any zener (3.3V is fine also) and the value of 10kohm for the resistor is ok.

    Another solution would be to just use a 5v pro-mini.



  • @AWI thanks a lot for this advice. very helpful.

    I could use a 5v pro mini, true, but wouldn't the power consumption be more?

    I also don't have any, just 3.3v ones, 8mhz.


  • Hero Member

    @breimann The power consumption of (a non modified) 5v pro mini, is only a little higher. Looking at your setup you should have some power left.
    But then again, if you have only 3.3v ones available.. go for the zener solution.



  • @AWI i've since done some more work on this and discovered the switched 3.95v didn't share a common ground with the rest of the circuit. So i ended up hooking up a DIL reed relay PRMA 0105 (5v) onto it, and used the relay contacts to connect to pin D3 on my nano.

    So i've got it operating that whenever the motion sensor is tripped it toggles my 1 channel relay board, but what isn't working is being able to manually switch it from in domoticz.

    Would someone be able to take a look at my code which i've taken from this thread

    My code is:

    /*
    DESCRIPTION
    Sketch for 1x relay with buttons bistable. After back power all relays set OFF and send correct status OFF to controller.
    */

    // Enable debug prints to serial monitor
    #define MY_DEBUG

    // Enable and select radio type attached
    #define MY_RADIO_NRF24
    //#define MY_RADIO_RFM69

    // Enabled repeater feature for this node
    #define MY_REPEATER_FEATURE

    #include <SPI.h>
    #include <MySensors.h>
    #include <Bounce2.h>

    // Define Relays
    #define RELAY_ON 1 // GPIO value to write to turn on attached relay
    #define RELAY_OFF 0 // GPIO value to write to turn off attached relay

    // Define Sensor ID's
    #define SSR_A_ID 1 // Id of the sensor child

    // Define buttons and relays
    const int buttonPinA = 3;
    const int relayPinA = 4;

    // Define Variables
    int oldValueA = 0;
    bool stateA = false;
    int trigger = 0;

    Bounce debouncerA = Bounce();

    MyMessage msgA(SSR_A_ID, V_STATUS);

    void setup()
    {

    pinMode(buttonPinA, INPUT_PULLUP); // Setup the button Activate internal pull-up

    // After setting up the buttons, setup debouncer
    debouncerA.attach(buttonPinA);
    debouncerA.interval(5);

    // Make sure relays are off when starting up
    digitalWrite(relayPinA, RELAY_OFF);
    // Then set relay pins in output mode
    pinMode(relayPinA, OUTPUT);

    /*--------------------- Added these lines for toggle switch-------------------------*/
    

    oldValueA = digitalRead(buttonPinA); // set oldValueA to the current status of the toggle switch
    // send(msgA.set(false)); // Send off state for relayA to ensure controller knows the switch is off
    // send(msgB.set(false)); // Send off state for relayB to ensure controller knows the switch is off

    }

    void presentation() {
    // Send the sketch version information to the gateway and Controller
    sendSketchInfo("Relay with Bistable", "1.1");

    // Register all sensors to gw (they will be created as child devices)
    present(SSR_A_ID, S_LIGHT);

    }

    /*
    Example on how to asynchronously check for new messages from gw
    */
    void loop()
    {
    if (trigger == 0){
    send(msgA.set(false)); // Send off state for relayA to ensure controller knows the switch is off
    trigger = 1;
    }

    debouncerA.update();
    // Get the update value
    int valueA = debouncerA.read();
    if (valueA != oldValueA) {
    // send(msgA.set(stateA ? false : true), true); // Send new state and request ack back
    send(msgA.set(stateA ? false : true), false); // Send new state with no request for ack
    stateA = stateA ? false : true; // invert the state
    digitalWrite(relayPinA, stateA ? RELAY_ON : RELAY_OFF); // toggle the relay
    oldValueA = valueA;
    }

    }

    void receive(const MyMessage &message) {
    // We only expect one type of message from controller. But we better check anyway.
    if (message.type == V_STATUS) {

    switch (message.sensor) {
      case 1:
        stateA = message.getBool();
        digitalWrite(message.sensor + 4, stateA ? RELAY_ON : RELAY_OFF);
        
        break;
      case 2:
    
        break;
    }
    
      // Write some debug info
    Serial.print("Incoming change for sensor:");
    Serial.println(message.sensor);
    Serial.print("from node:");
    Serial.println(message.sender);
    Serial.print(", New status: ");
    Serial.println(message.getBool());
    

    }
    }


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