nRF24Doctor



  • Inspired by the connection quality meter found here: https://forum.mysensors.org/topic/3984/nrf24l01-connection-quality-meter
    I had an attempt on building an extended version. My goal with this device was to be able to diagnose many different nRF24 related topics, like a real doctor ;-).

    Goals:

    1. Check if nRF24 module is dead
    2. Qualify current consumption of different nRF24 modules in both standby and sleep (as some clones appear to have high current consumption during sleep)
    3. Evaluate “performance” (e.g. range) of different nRF24 modules
    4. Find the best settings in nRF24 Channel (Frequency Band), Power Level and Data Rate
    5. Diagnose transmission delays
    6. Determine the best location for your gateway
    7. Determine reception range, reception dead spots and new locations for a secondary gateway or repeater nodes => Portability

    Hardware realization:

    • list itemAn Arduino Nano
    • 16x2 Character LCD
    • 2 Buttons
    • 2 Mosfets (e.g. IRLZ44 or comparable. Must be VGS logic level and preferably in a big package (e.g. TO-220) as smd mosfets will have a (too) high RDS(ON) and will impact your current measurement (especially for the 2.2Ohm).
    • 3 Resistors (2.2Ohm, 100Ohm, 10kOhm)
    • Some wire, socket for the radio and hot glue.
      0_1522176659192_Prototype.png

    Features:

    1. On the top you can swap the radio’s with the common 8-pin interface.
    2. On the left is the USB connector to power it from a Powerbank for Portability (and of course to re-program the device if necessary)
    3. The central LCD screen…to provide the necessary feedback to the user.
    4. White button 1:
      a. Short Click: To accept changes made in a menu and continue to the next menu
      b. Long Press: To Escape without storing changes to EEPROM and Return to main menu window
    5. Orange button 2:
      a. Short Click or Hold: To Change setting in a menu.

    So what it can do so far is probably best demonstrated by showing the available menu’s:

    1. Start Up Screen
    0_1522176852484_LCD1.png
    It attempts to connect to your Gateway with the settings stored in its EEPROM (Channel, Data rate, PA-Level and Base Radio ID).

    2. Main Quality Connection Overview
    0_1522176937722_LCD2.png

    • First Line: Parent Node (P0) = Gateway and the number of transmitted messages by the nRF24 Doctor node which FAIL to acknowledge the first HOP transmit (if no repeater nodes are present, then the first HOP will be the Gateway).
    • Second Line: The set Destination Node (D?) and the number of transmitted messages by the nRF24 Doctor node which did NOT receive an Acknowledge back from the Destination Node.

    3. Acknowledge Delay Overview
    0_1522177012096_LCD3.png

    • First Line: Max. delta time (of last 10 messages) between the transmit and accompanying acknowledge in [ms] for the first HOP.
    • Second Line: Max. delta time (of last 10 messages) between the transmit and accompanying acknowledge in [ms] from the Destination Node (=full round trip).

    4. Total of Transmitted Messages
    0_1522177227838_LCD4.png

    • First Line: Average current consumption of the nRF24 Radio during Standby
    • Second Line: Average current consumption of the nRF24 Radio during Sleep.
    • Notes:
      • Units will scale accordingly to [mA] or [uA].
      • Requires Current Measurement circuitry to be added.
        0_1522177341326_Circuit.PNG

    6. Reset Buffers & Counters
    0_1522177371682_LCD6.png

    • If Confirmed it clears the Message Count (Menu 4) and the counters from the Main Quality Connection Overview (Menu 2)

    Next menu items will configure the Radio.
    Note that these settings are only stored to EEPROM when completing all the following step up to and including step 13. Once stored in EEPROM they will be used to configure the radio on the next (automatic) reboot of the node.
    Also note that settings like the Channel, DataRate must match between Node and Gateway for communication to be successful. To facilitate in this I made a modified nRF24DoctorGateway.ino, which receives the required changes (Channel, DataRate and Gateway PA-Level) from the node and will automatically change them when an update request from the nRF24 Doctor Node is received. This gateway configuration is mainly intended for diagnostics. If for some reason you loose the connection to this gateway you can either check in the monitor window the currently used radio settings (will be printed at regular intervals), or by restarting the gateway it will reset itself to the default radio configuration.

    7. Set Destination Node
    0_1522177576346_LCD7.png

    • Select the destination node for your message (0…255). Typically this is 0 for the gateway.

    8. Set RF24 CHANNEL
    0_1522177605684_LCD8.png

    • Select a different RF24 Channel (0…125) without the need to re-compile & upload. This can be helpful in testing which frequency band (Channel number) gives you the best reception at your location.

    9. Set Node Power Amplification Level
    0_1522177641236_LCD9.png

    • Select the PA level of the Node (MIN, LOW,HIGH or MAX).

    10. Set Gateway Power Amplification Level
    0_1522177670198_LCD10.png

    • Select the PA level of the Gateway (MIN, LOW,HIGH or MAX).

    11. Set Data Rate
    0_1522177709724_LCD11.png

    • Select the Data Rate of the Node & Gateway (250KBPS, 1MBPS & 2MBPS ).

    12. Set Base Radio ID
    0_1522177765906_LCD12.png

    • list itemSelect the Base Radio ID of your network. If you have multiple Base Radio ID’s at your home (i.e. multiple gateways) you can add your Base Radio ID’s before compilation of the code and then directly select them from this menu (this will not be updated to the nRF24DoctorGateway).

    13. Update Gateway
    0_1522177811962_LCD13.png

    • No: If you only want to update the settings of the nRF24Doctor Node and NOT the Gateway
    • YES: If you want to update the settings for both the Node and Gateway. The node will send out a request to the gateway to update the Channel, Data Rate and PA_Level of the Gateway. The nRF24Doctor Node will wait for an acknowledge and once received will reboot with the new radio settings and show the start-up screen (1) again.
      0_1522177889094_LCD13_1.png
      If the nRF24Doctor node does not receive the acknowledge from the gateway, it will prompt with the following menu:
      0_1522177905984_LCD13_2.png
      This will give you the options to:
    • RETRY GATEWAY: Send the update request again to the gateway.
    • CANCEL ALL: None of the settings will be applied to the node and gateway
    • SKIP GATEWAY: All Node settings will be applied, but the gateway will not be updated.


  • My post was hitting the constraints of the Forum, so I had to cut it up into pieces...

    PART2: The sketch for the nRF24DoctorNode:

    /*
      PROJECT: 		MySensors nRF24 Doctor
      PROGRAMMER: 	Technovation (based on the work of AWI and Heizelmann)
      DATE: 		2018March27
      FILE: 		nRF24DoctorNode.ino
    
      Hardware: 	ATMega328p board
      MySensorsAPI: 2.2.0
    
      Summary:  	a portable nRF24 Radio Doctor to diagnose module performance
    
      Change log:
    	2018/03/27	New Release, based on: https://forum.mysensors.org/topic/3984/nrf24l01-connection-quality-meter
    */
    
    //**** CONNECTIONS *****
    #define BUTTON1_PIN A0
    #define BUTTON2_PIN A1
    #define MOSFET_2P2OHM_PIN A2
    #define MOSFET_100OHM_PIN A3
    #define CURRENT_PIN A5
    
    //**** DEBUG *****
    #define LOCAL_DEBUG
    
    #ifdef LOCAL_DEBUG
    #define Sprint(a) (Serial.print(a))           	// macro as substitute for print, enable if no print wanted
    #define Sprintln(a) (Serial.println(a))         
    #else											// macro for "no" debug print
    #define Sprint(a)                   			
    #define Sprintln(a)                   			
    #endif
    
    //**** MySensors *****
    //#define MY_DEBUG							// Enable debug prints to serial monitor
    #define MY_TRANSPORT_WAIT_READY_MS 10 		// [ms] Init timeout for gateway not reachable
    #define MY_NODE_ID 250						// Set a high node ID, which typically will not yet be used in the network
    #define MY_PARENT_NODE_IS_STATIC			// Fixed parent Node ID, else MySensors Transport will attempt automatic fix after successive failures...but we don't want that while diagnosing our connection
    #define MY_PARENT_NODE_ID 0              	// Typically 0 for Gateway
    
    #define DESTINATION_NODE 0                	// Default 0 = gateway, Settable in Menu
    #define MY_BAUD_RATE 115200
    
    //**** MySensors - Radio *****
    #define MY_RADIO_NRF24                  	// Enable and select radio type attached
    
    #include <SPI.h>
    #include <MySensors.h>
    //#include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h>                // LCD display with I2C interface
    #include <LiquidCrystal.h>                      // LCD display with parallel interface
    #include <OneButton.h> 							//from https://github.com/mathertel/OneButton/blob/master/examples/TwoButtons/TwoButtons.ino
    
    //**** LCD *****
    #define LCD_COLS 16
    #define LCD_ROWS 2
    //LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27, 2, 1, 0, 4, 5, 6, 7, 3, POSITIVE);  	// Set the LCD I2C address
    //LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27, 16, 2);  								// Set the LCD I2C address
    LiquidCrystal lcd(8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3); 								// LCD with parallel interface
    
    //**** BUTTONS *****
    OneButton button1(BUTTON1_PIN, true); //PullUp, Activelow
    OneButton button2(BUTTON2_PIN, true); //PullUp, Activelow
    
    //**** EEPROM STORAGE LOCATIONS *****
    #define EEPROM_FLAG 0
    #define EEPROM_CHANNEL 1
    #define EEPROM_PA_LEVEL 2
    #define EEPROM_PA_LEVEL_GW 3
    #define EEPROM_DATARATE 4
    #define EEPROM_BASE_RADIO_ID 5
    #define EEPROM_DESTINATION_NODE 6
    #define EEPROM_SEND_REPEATS 7
    
    //**** MySensors Messages ****
    #define CHILD_ID_COUNTER 0
    #define CHILD_ID_UPDATE_GATEWAY 0
    MyMessage MsgCounter(CHILD_ID_COUNTER, V_CUSTOM);   				//Send Message Counter value
    MyMessage MsgUpdateGateway(CHILD_ID_UPDATE_GATEWAY, V_CUSTOM);   	//Send value for Gateway settings: xxxyz (xxx = Channel, y = PaLevel, z = DataRate)
    #define DELAY_BETWEEN_MESSAGES_MICROS 500000						//Normal Interval between messages
    
    //**** Monitoring Constants&Variables ****
    const int iMaxNumberOfMessages = 100 ;           					// Number of Messages Used for MA calculation
    boolean bArrayFailedMessages[iMaxNumberOfMessages] = { 0 };     	// Array for moving average storage
    boolean bArrayNAckMessages[iMaxNumberOfMessages] = { 0 };			// Array for moving average storage
    uint16_t iNrFailedMessages = 0;            							// total of Failed Messages
    uint16_t iNrNAckMessages = 0;              							// total of Not Acknowledged Messages
    uint16_t iMessageCounter = 0;
    
    //**** LCD MENU Constants&Variables ****
    enum mode {STATE_RUN, STATE_RUN2, STATE_RUN3, STATE_CURLEVEL, STATE_SET_RESET, STATE_SET_DESTINATION_NODE, STATE_SET_CHANNEL, STATE_SET_BASE_RADIO_ID, STATE_SET_PALEVEL, STATE_SET_PALEVEL_GW, STATE_SET_DATARATE, STATE_ASK_GATEWAY, STATE_UPDATE_GATEWAY };
    mode opState = STATE_RUN;											// Default Mode
    boolean bDspRefresh = true;
    
    //nRF24 Settings
    const uint8_t iNrPaLevels = 4;
    const char *pcPaLevelNames[iNrPaLevels] 		= { "MIN", "LOW", "HIGH", "MAX" };
    const uint8_t iNrDataRates = 3;
    const char *pcDataRateNames[iNrDataRates] 		= { "1MBPS", "2MBPS" , "250KBPS"};
    
    //Define your available RF24_BASE_ID 
    const uint8_t iNrBaseRadioIds = 4;
    uint8_t RF24_BASE_ID_VAR[MY_RF24_ADDR_WIDTH]				= { 0x00,0xFC,0xE1,0xA8,0xA8 };		//Used to Store the active BASE_ID
    const uint8_t RF24_BASE_ID_VAR1[MY_RF24_ADDR_WIDTH] 		= { 0x00,0xFC,0xE1,0xA8,0xA8 };
    const uint8_t RF24_BASE_ID_VAR2[MY_RF24_ADDR_WIDTH] 		= { 0x00,0xA1,0xF3,0x09,0xB6 };
    const uint8_t RF24_BASE_ID_VAR3[MY_RF24_ADDR_WIDTH] 		= { 0x00,0xAA,0xA5,0xC4,0xD9 };
    const uint8_t RF24_BASE_ID_VAR4[MY_RF24_ADDR_WIDTH] 		= { 0x00,0xB1,0x47,0xEE,0x82 };
    
    //Load Default Radio values
    uint8_t iRf24Channel 		= MY_RF24_CHANNEL;
    uint8_t iRf24PaLevel 		= MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL;		//PA Level for the Node
    uint8_t iRf24PaLevelGw 		= MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL;		//PA Level for the Gateway
    uint8_t iRf24DataRate 		= MY_RF24_DATARATE;
    uint8_t iRf24BaseRadioId 	= 1;
    uint8_t iDestinationNode	= DESTINATION_NODE;
    
    //**** Timing ****
    const uint8_t iNrTimeDelays = 10;
    uint16_t iMessageIndexBuffer[iNrTimeDelays]={0};
    unsigned long lTimeOfTransmit_us[iNrTimeDelays]={0};
    unsigned long lTimeDelayBuffer_Destination_us[iNrTimeDelays]={0};
    unsigned long lTimeDelayBuffer_FirstHop_us[iNrTimeDelays]={0};
    uint16_t iMeanDelayFirstHop_ms = 0;
    uint16_t iMaxDelayFirstHop_ms = 0;
    uint16_t iMeanDelayDestination_ms = 0;
    uint16_t iMaxDelayDestination_ms = 0;
    
    //**** Current Measurement ****
    const uint8_t iNrCurrentMeasurements 	= 10;	//Nr of measurements for averaging
    uint8_t iPowerMode 		= 0;
    const uint8_t iNrPowerModes = 2;
    const char *pcPowerModeNames[iNrPowerModes] = { "SLEEP", "STANDBY" };
    
    const float uAperBit1 	= 488.2813;	//uAperBit = ((Vref/1024)/R1)*1e6 = ((1.1/1024)/2.2)*1e6				
    const float uAperBit2	= 10.74219;	//uAperBit = ((Vref/1024)/R2)*1e6 = ((1.1/1024)/100)*1e6
    const float uAperBit3 	= 0.107422;	//uAperBit = ((Vref/1024)/R3)*1e6 = ((1.1/1024)/10000)*1e6
    float SleepCurrent_uA 	= 0;
    float StandbyCurrent_uA = 0;
    
    //**** Remote Gateway Update ****
    uint8_t iRetryGateway 	= 0;
    bool bUpdateGateway 	= 0;
    bool bAckGatewayUpdate 	= 0;
    const uint8_t iNrGatwayRetryOptions = 3;
    const char *pcGatewayRetryNames[iNrGatwayRetryOptions] 		= { "SKIP GATEWAY", "RETRY GATEWAY" , "CANCEL ALL"};
    
    
    /*****************************************************************************/
    /************************************ STARTUP ********************************/
    /*****************************************************************************/
    void before() {						//Initialization before the MySensors library starts up
    	pinMode(CURRENT_PIN, INPUT);	//Analog Input for Current Usage Pin
    	pinMode(MOSFET_2P2OHM_PIN,OUTPUT);
    	pinMode(MOSFET_100OHM_PIN,OUTPUT);
    	digitalWrite(MOSFET_2P2OHM_PIN,HIGH);
    	analogReference(INTERNAL);
    
    	//****  LCD *****
    	//  Wire.begin();  // I2C
    	lcd.begin(LCD_COLS, LCD_ROWS);
    	//lcd.setBacklight(HIGH);
    
    	//****  BUTTON STATES *****
    	button1.attachClick(onButton1Pressed);
    	button1.attachLongPressStart(onButton1LongPressed);
    	button2.attachClick(onButton2Pressed);
    	button2.attachDuringLongPress(onButton2Hold);
    
    	//****  RELOAD SETTINGS FROM EEPROM *****
    	if (loadState(EEPROM_FLAG) == 0xFF) {
    		//RELOAD SETTINGS 
    		LoadStatesFromEEPROM();
    		switch (iRf24BaseRadioId) {
    			case 1:
    				memcpy(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR,RF24_BASE_ID_VAR1,sizeof(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR));
    				break;
    			case 2:
    				memcpy(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR,RF24_BASE_ID_VAR2,sizeof(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR));
    				break;				
    			case 3:
    				memcpy(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR,RF24_BASE_ID_VAR3,sizeof(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR));
    				break;
    			case 4:
    				memcpy(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR,RF24_BASE_ID_VAR4,sizeof(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR));
    				break;
    		}		
    	} else {
    		//LOAD DEFAULT IN CASE OF CLEAN EEPROM
    		saveState(EEPROM_FLAG, 0xFF);
    		SaveStatesToEEPROM();
    	}
    }
    
    void setup() {
    	loadNewRadioSettings();	//Load the Radio Settings as they are stored in EEPROM
    }
    
    void presentation() {
    	sendSketchInfo("nRF24_Doctor_N250", "1.0");
    	present(CHILD_ID_COUNTER, S_CUSTOM) ;  // "CUSTOM" counter
    }
    
    /*****************************************************************************/
    /*********************************** MAIN LOOP *******************************/
    /*****************************************************************************/
    void loop() {
    	
    	/************ Update Button State ************/
    	ButtonTick();
    
    	/************ Update LCD ************/
    	if (bDspRefresh) LCD_local_display();	
    	
    	/************ PROCESS DIFFERENT OPERATIONAL STATES ************/
    	// RUN, RUN2,RUN3: Are all similar with respect to processing, but show different results on the LCD
    	static unsigned long lLastTransmit = 0;
    	switch (opState) {
    		case STATE_RUN: case STATE_RUN2: case STATE_RUN3:{
    			// Transmit Message
    			transmit();	
    			lLastTransmit = micros();			
    
    			getMeanAndMaxFromArray(&iMeanDelayFirstHop_ms,&iMaxDelayFirstHop_ms,lTimeDelayBuffer_FirstHop_us,iNrTimeDelays);
    			getMeanAndMaxFromArray(&iMeanDelayDestination_ms,&iMaxDelayDestination_ms,lTimeDelayBuffer_Destination_us,iNrTimeDelays);
    
    			bDspRefresh = true;
    			break;
    		}
    		case STATE_CURLEVEL:{
    			//First round: Measure 10x Current in "Standby Mode", then do the same for "Sleep mode"			
    			iPowerMode = !iPowerMode;			//Toggle between modes: "Standby" & "Sleep"
    			if (iPowerMode == 1){			//Mode: Standby
    				transmit();
    				lLastTransmit = micros();
    				wait(50);
    				StandbyCurrent_uA = uAperBit1*GetAvgADCBits(iNrCurrentMeasurements);
    			}
    			else{							//Mode: Sleep
    				transportDisable();
    				SleepCurrent_uA = uAperBit1*GetAvgADCBits(iNrCurrentMeasurements);
    				if (SleepCurrent_uA < 10000){
    					//Set Higher Sensitivity: uAperBit2
    					digitalWrite(MOSFET_2P2OHM_PIN,LOW);
    					digitalWrite(MOSFET_100OHM_PIN,HIGH);
    					SleepCurrent_uA = uAperBit2*GetAvgADCBits(iNrCurrentMeasurements);
    				}
    				if (SleepCurrent_uA < 100){
    					//Set Higher Sensitivity: uAperBit3
    					digitalWrite(MOSFET_2P2OHM_PIN,LOW);
    					digitalWrite(MOSFET_100OHM_PIN,LOW);
    					SleepCurrent_uA = uAperBit3*GetAvgADCBits(iNrCurrentMeasurements);
    
    				}				
    				//Restore standby power state
    				digitalWrite(MOSFET_2P2OHM_PIN,HIGH);	//Enable 2.2Ohm
    				digitalWrite(MOSFET_100OHM_PIN,LOW);
    				transportStandBy();transmit();lLastTransmit = micros();
    			}
    			bDspRefresh = true;
    			break;
    		}		
    		default:{
    			lLastTransmit = micros()-DELAY_BETWEEN_MESSAGES_MICROS;
    			wait(25); // To limit LCD update rate
    			break;
    		}	
    	}
    	
    	//Wait before sending next message
    	while ((micros()- lLastTransmit) < DELAY_BETWEEN_MESSAGES_MICROS){// wait for things to settle and ack's to arrive
    		wait(1);
    		ButtonTick();	//Check for button changes....we must keep responsive
    	}
    }
    
    /*****************************************************************************/
    /************************ RECEIVE & TRANSMIT FUNCTIONS ***********************/
    /*****************************************************************************/
    void receive(const MyMessage &message) {
    	if (message.isAck() == 1 && message.type == V_CUSTOM && message.sensor==CHILD_ID_COUNTER){	//Acknowledge message & of correct type
    		uint16_t iNewMessage = message.getUInt();           // get received value
    		uint16_t iIndexInArray = iNewMessage % iMaxNumberOfMessages;
    		bArrayNAckMessages[iIndexInArray] = 0; 			// set corresponding flag to received.
    		
    		//Check Message (Round trip) Delay
    		uint8_t iIndexInTimeArray = IndexOfValueInArray(iNewMessage, iMessageIndexBuffer, iNrTimeDelays); //Look-up if message is present in MessageIndexBuffer for delay calculation
    		if ((iIndexInTimeArray >=0) && iIndexInTimeArray <=iNrTimeDelays){
    			lTimeDelayBuffer_Destination_us[iIndexInTimeArray] = micros()-lTimeOfTransmit_us[iIndexInTimeArray];
    		}
    		iNrNAckMessages--;	//Received an Acknowledge Message (so one less No Ack)
    	}
    	
    	//Gateway Update Acknowledge - if we have received this we can "safely" apply the new settings to this node
    	if (message.isAck() == 1 && message.type == V_CUSTOM && message.sensor==CHILD_ID_UPDATE_GATEWAY){	//Acknowledge message & of correct type & Sensor
    		bAckGatewayUpdate = 1;
    	}
    }
    
    void transmit() {
    	static int iIndexInArrayFailedMessages  = 0 ;
    	static int iIndexInArrayTimeMessages  = 0 ;	
    
    	iMessageCounter++;
    	//Cyclic Index counters of arrays
    	iIndexInArrayFailedMessages = iMessageCounter % iMaxNumberOfMessages;
    	iIndexInArrayTimeMessages 	= iMessageCounter % iNrTimeDelays;
    
    	bArrayNAckMessages[iIndexInArrayFailedMessages] = 1; 			// set corresponding flag to "Not Received Yet"
    
    	//Prepare time stamp logging for transmit
    	lTimeDelayBuffer_Destination_us[iIndexInArrayTimeMessages] = 0; 		// Clear Buffer value, new value will be written when message is received
    	iMessageIndexBuffer[iIndexInArrayTimeMessages]=iMessageCounter;		// To link the Time Stamp to the correct message when we receive the acknowledge
    	iNrNAckMessages++;													// Add one to the Not Acknowledged Message counter and remove it again if/when it is received.
    	lTimeOfTransmit_us[iIndexInArrayTimeMessages] = micros();
    	
    	//Transmit message with software ack request (returned in "receive function"), the boolean returned here is a Hardware hop-to-hop Ack
    	boolean success = send(MsgCounter.setDestination(iDestinationNode).set(iMessageCounter), true);
    	if (!success) {
    		lTimeDelayBuffer_FirstHop_us[iIndexInArrayTimeMessages] = 0;	//It failed, so I can't use it to determine a First Hop Delay (i.e. it is "infinite" delay as it failed)
    		bArrayFailedMessages[iIndexInArrayFailedMessages] = true;	//Log it as a failed message (for rolling average)
    		iNrFailedMessages++ ;
    	}
    	else{
    		lTimeDelayBuffer_FirstHop_us[iIndexInArrayTimeMessages] = micros() - lTimeOfTransmit_us[iIndexInArrayTimeMessages];	//Log First Hop Delay in buffer
    		bArrayFailedMessages[iIndexInArrayFailedMessages] = false;	//Log it as a not-failed = succesful message (for rolling average)
    	}
    }
    
    /********************************************************************************/
    /************************ CONFIGURE nRF24 RADIO FUNCTIONS ***********************/
    /********************************************************************************/
    void loadNewRadioSettings() {
    	ClearStorageAndCounters();
    	uint8_t iTempVar0 = RF24_BASE_ID_VAR[0];
    	uint8_t rfsetup = ( ((iRf24DataRate & 0b10 ) << 4) | ((iRf24DataRate & 0b01 ) << 3) | (iRf24PaLevel << 1) ) + 1;		//!< RF24_RF_SETUP, +1 for Si24R1 and LNA
    
    	RF24_setChannel(iRf24Channel);
    	RF24_setRFSetup(rfsetup);
    	RF24_enableFeatures();
    
    	RF24_BASE_ID_VAR[0] = RF24_BROADCAST_ADDRESS;
    	RF24_setPipeAddress(RF24_REG_RX_ADDR_P0 + RF24_BROADCAST_PIPE, (uint8_t*)&RF24_BASE_ID_VAR,
    	                    RF24_BROADCAST_PIPE > 1 ? 1 : MY_RF24_ADDR_WIDTH);
    	RF24_setPipeAddress(RF24_REG_RX_ADDR_P0, (uint8_t*)&RF24_BASE_ID_VAR, MY_RF24_ADDR_WIDTH);
    	RF24_setPipeAddress(RF24_REG_TX_ADDR, (uint8_t*)&RF24_BASE_ID_VAR, MY_RF24_ADDR_WIDTH);
    	
    	RF24_BASE_ID_VAR[0] = iTempVar0;
    	
    	//lcd.home();
    	lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
    	lcd.print("nRF24 DOCTOR");
    	lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
    	lcd.print("Connecting...");
    	transportWaitUntilReady(10000);		// Give it 10[s] to connect, else continue to allow user to set new connection settings
    }
    
    void loadNewRadioSettingsGateway() {
    	switch (iRetryGateway){
    		case 0:	//Skip Gateway update (= only update this Node)
    			//Store new values to EEPROM & Restart the program
    			SaveStatesToEEPROM();
    			asm volatile ("  jmp 0");	//Do a Soft Reset - This allows for the radio to correctly reload with the new settings from EEPROM
    			break;				
    		case 1:	{
    			//(Re-)try Gateway update
    			uint16_t iMessageToGateway = iRf24Channel*100+iRf24PaLevelGw*10+iRf24DataRate;
    			boolean success = send(MsgUpdateGateway.setDestination(0).setSensor(250).set(iMessageToGateway), true);		//Transmit message with software ack request (returned in "receive function")
    			int nRepeats = 0;
    			while (!success && nRepeats<10) {	//Re-try
    				nRepeats++;
    				success = send(MsgUpdateGateway.setDestination(0).set(iMessageToGateway), true);
    			}
    			wait(2000);	//wait for ACK from Gateway
    			if (bAckGatewayUpdate){
    				//Store new values to EEPROM & Restart the program
    				SaveStatesToEEPROM();
    				asm volatile ("  jmp 0");	//Do a Soft Reset - This allows for the radio to correctly reload with the new settings from EEPROM					
    			}
    			break;
    		}					
    		case 2:	//Cancel All
    			opState = STATE_RUN;
    			LoadStatesFromEEPROM();
    			bDspRefresh = true;					
    			break;
    	}
    }
    /*****************************************************************/
    /************************ EEPROM FUNCTIONS ***********************/
    /*****************************************************************/
    void LoadStatesFromEEPROM() {
    	iRf24Channel 		= loadState(EEPROM_CHANNEL);
    	iRf24PaLevel 		= loadState(EEPROM_PA_LEVEL);
    	iRf24PaLevelGw 		= loadState(EEPROM_PA_LEVEL_GW);
    	iRf24DataRate 		= loadState(EEPROM_DATARATE);
    	iRf24BaseRadioId	= loadState(EEPROM_BASE_RADIO_ID);
    	iDestinationNode 	= loadState(EEPROM_DESTINATION_NODE);
    }
    
    void SaveStatesToEEPROM() {
    	saveState(EEPROM_CHANNEL, iRf24Channel);
    	saveState(EEPROM_PA_LEVEL, iRf24PaLevel);
    	saveState(EEPROM_PA_LEVEL_GW, iRf24PaLevelGw);
    	saveState(EEPROM_DATARATE, iRf24DataRate);
    	saveState(EEPROM_BASE_RADIO_ID, iRf24BaseRadioId);
    	saveState(EEPROM_DESTINATION_NODE, iDestinationNode);
    }
    
    /*****************************************************************/
    /************************ BUTTON FUNCTIONS ***********************/
    /*****************************************************************/
    void ButtonTick() {
    	//Check Button States (should be done Frequently
    	button1.tick();
    	button2.tick();
    }
    
    void onButton1Pressed() {			//Scroll through the menu items
    	lcd.clear();
    	bDspRefresh = true;
    	switch (opState) {
    		case STATE_RUN:
    			opState = STATE_RUN2;
    			break;
    		case STATE_RUN2:
    			opState = STATE_RUN3;
    			break;			
    		case STATE_RUN3:
    			opState = STATE_CURLEVEL;
    			break;			
    		case STATE_CURLEVEL:
    			opState = STATE_SET_RESET;
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_RESET:
    			opState = STATE_SET_DESTINATION_NODE;
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_DESTINATION_NODE:
    			opState = STATE_SET_CHANNEL;
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_CHANNEL:
    			opState = STATE_SET_PALEVEL;
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_PALEVEL:
    			opState = STATE_SET_PALEVEL_GW;
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_PALEVEL_GW:
    			opState = STATE_SET_DATARATE;
    			break;		
    		case STATE_SET_DATARATE:
    			opState = STATE_SET_BASE_RADIO_ID;
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_BASE_RADIO_ID:
    			opState = STATE_ASK_GATEWAY;
    			break;
    		case STATE_ASK_GATEWAY:
    			opState = STATE_UPDATE_GATEWAY;
    			loadNewRadioSettingsGateway();
    			break;
    		case STATE_UPDATE_GATEWAY:
    			loadNewRadioSettingsGateway();
    			break;		
    	}
    }
    
    void onButton2Pressed() {	//Apply/Select change (if available). In Viewing windows: toggle (reversed)
    	bDspRefresh = true;
    	switch (opState) {
    		case STATE_RUN:
    			//Do nothing
    			break;
    		case STATE_RUN2:
    			//Do nothing
    			break;
    		case STATE_RUN3:
    			//Do nothing
    			break;			
    		case STATE_CURLEVEL:
    			//Do nothing
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_RESET:
    			ClearStorageAndCounters();
    			opState = STATE_RUN;
    			break;
    		//Select Radio changes:
    		case STATE_SET_DESTINATION_NODE:
    			iDestinationNode++;
    			break;				
    		case STATE_SET_CHANNEL:
    			iRf24Channel++; if (iRf24Channel > 125) iRf24Channel = 0;
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_PALEVEL:
    			iRf24PaLevel++; if (iRf24PaLevel > (iNrPaLevels-1)) iRf24PaLevel = 0;
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_PALEVEL_GW:
    			iRf24PaLevelGw++; if (iRf24PaLevelGw > (iNrPaLevels-1)) iRf24PaLevelGw = 0;
    			break;			
    		case STATE_SET_DATARATE:
    			iRf24DataRate++; if (iRf24DataRate > (iNrDataRates-1)) iRf24DataRate = 0;
    			break;			
    		case STATE_SET_BASE_RADIO_ID:
    			iRf24BaseRadioId++; if (iRf24BaseRadioId > iNrBaseRadioIds) iRf24BaseRadioId = 1;
    			switch (iRf24BaseRadioId) {
    				case 1:
    					memcpy(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR,RF24_BASE_ID_VAR1,sizeof(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR));
    					break;
    				case 2:
    					memcpy(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR,RF24_BASE_ID_VAR2,sizeof(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR));
    					break;				
    				case 3:
    					memcpy(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR,RF24_BASE_ID_VAR3,sizeof(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR));
    					break;
    				case 4:
    					memcpy(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR,RF24_BASE_ID_VAR4,sizeof(RF24_BASE_ID_VAR));
    					break;
    			}
    			break;			
    		case STATE_ASK_GATEWAY:
    			bUpdateGateway= !bUpdateGateway;
    			if (bUpdateGateway){
    				iRetryGateway = 1;
    			}
    			else{
    				iRetryGateway = 0;
    			}
    			break;
    		case STATE_UPDATE_GATEWAY:
    			iRetryGateway++; if (iRetryGateway > (iNrGatwayRetryOptions-1)) iRetryGateway = 0;
    /* 			switch(iRetryGateway){
    				case 0: 
    					bUpdateGateway = 0;
    					break;
    				case 1:
    					bUpdateGateway = 1;
    					break;
    				case 2:
    					bUpdateGateway = 0;
    					break;				
    			} */
    			break;
    	}
    }
    
    void onButton1LongPressed() {
    	// Return to normal RUN state without changing any settings (recall last set from EEPROM)
    	opState = STATE_RUN;
    	LoadStatesFromEEPROM();
    	bDspRefresh = true;
    }
    
    void onButton2Hold() {	//Scroll through numbers quickly
    	switch (opState) {
    		case STATE_SET_CHANNEL:
    			iRf24Channel++; if (iRf24Channel > 125) iRf24Channel = 0;
    			bDspRefresh = true;
    			break;
    		case STATE_SET_DESTINATION_NODE:
    			iDestinationNode++;
    			bDspRefresh = true;
    			break;
    	}		
    }
    
    /*****************************************************************/
    /**************** ARRAY PROCESSING FUNCTIONS *********************/
    /*****************************************************************/
    
    uint8_t IndexOfValueInArray(uint16_t val, uint16_t *array, uint8_t size){
    	// Find the (first) array element which equals val and return the index.
    	// If val not found in the array return 255
        for (int i=0; i < size; i++) {
            if (array[i] == val){
    			return i;
    		}
        }
        return 255;	//Not Found
    }
    
    int GetNrOfTrueValuesInArray(boolean countArray[], int size) {
    	// Calculate number of TRUE values in array
    	int Counter = 0 ;
    	for (int i = 0 ; i < size ; i++) {Counter += countArray[i];}
    	return Counter;
    }
    
    void ClearStorageAndCounters() {
    	for (int n = 0; n < iMaxNumberOfMessages; n++){
    		bArrayFailedMessages[n] = 0;
    		bArrayNAckMessages[n] = 0;
    	}
    	iNrNAckMessages = iMessageCounter = iNrFailedMessages = 0;
    	bAckGatewayUpdate = 0;
    }
    
    void getMeanAndMaxFromArray(uint16_t *mean_value, uint16_t *max_value, unsigned long *buffer, uint8_t size) {
    	//Note: excluding 0 values from mean calculation
    	uint8_t iNrOfSamples=0;		//max equals size
    	unsigned long lMaxValue=0;	//max Array value
    	float sum=0;
    	for (int i=0; i < size; i++)
    	{
    		if (buffer[i] != 0){
    			sum 		= sum + (float)buffer[i];	
    			lMaxValue	= max(lMaxValue,buffer[i]);
    			iNrOfSamples++;
    		}
    	}
    	if (iNrOfSamples !=0){
    		*mean_value 	= (uint16_t) ((sum / (float)iNrOfSamples)/1000);
    		*max_value		= (uint16_t) (lMaxValue/1000L);
    	}
    	else {
    		*mean_value = 65535;	//INF identifier
    		*max_value 	= 65535;	//INF identifier
    	}	
    }
    
    float GetAvgADCBits(int iNrSamples) {
    	float sum = 0;
    	for (int i=0; i < iNrSamples; i++) {
    		sum = sum + analogRead(CURRENT_PIN);
    		wait(1);	// Need some time for the high impedance measurement @ 10kOhm
    	}
    	return ((float)sum/(float)iNrSamples);
    }
    
    
    /*****************************************************************/
    /************************* LCD FUNCTIONS *************************/
    /*****************************************************************/
    
    void print_LCD_line(const char *string,int row, int col) {
    	lcd.setCursor(col-1,row-1);
    	lcd.print(string);
    }
    
    void LCD_local_display(void) {
    	static mode prevOpState = STATE_RUN;	//Remember previous state to allow for partial LCD updates
    	char buf[LCD_COLS+1];
    	bDspRefresh = false;
    	
    	switch (opState) {
    		case STATE_RUN:
    		{
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "P%-3dFAIL%4d%3d%%", MY_PARENT_NODE_ID, iNrFailedMessages, GetNrOfTrueValuesInArray(bArrayFailedMessages, iMaxNumberOfMessages));
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "D%-3dNACK%4d%3d%%", iDestinationNode , iNrNAckMessages, GetNrOfTrueValuesInArray(bArrayNAckMessages, iMaxNumberOfMessages));
    			print_LCD_line(buf,2, 1);
    			break;
    		}
    		case STATE_RUN2:
    		{
    			if (iMaxDelayFirstHop_ms>9999){
    				snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "HOP1 dTmax   INF");
    			}
    			else{
    				snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "HOP1 dTmax%4dms",iMaxDelayFirstHop_ms);
    			}
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			if (iMaxDelayDestination_ms>9999){
    				snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "D%-3d dTmax   INF",iDestinationNode,iMaxDelayDestination_ms);
    			}
    			else{
    				snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "D%-3d dTmax%4dms",iDestinationNode,iMaxDelayDestination_ms);
    			}
    			print_LCD_line(buf,2, 1);
    			break;
    		}
    		case STATE_RUN3:
    		{
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "MESSAGE COUNT:  ");
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "           %5d",iMessageCounter);
    			print_LCD_line(buf,2, 1);
    			break;
    		}		
    		case STATE_CURLEVEL:
    		{
    			float fCurrent_uA = 0;
    			if (iPowerMode == 1){
    				fCurrent_uA = StandbyCurrent_uA;
    			}
    			else{
    				fCurrent_uA = SleepCurrent_uA;	
    			}
    			Sprint("iPowerMode:");Sprintln(iPowerMode);
    			Sprint("fCurrent_uA:");Sprintln(fCurrent_uA);
    			
    			if (fCurrent_uA > 1000){
    				int Current_mA = (int)(fCurrent_uA/1000);
    				if (Current_mA>=300){
    					snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "%s[mA]= ERR",pcPowerModeNames[iPowerMode],Current_mA);
    				}
    				else if (Current_mA>=100){
    					snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "%s[mA]=%4d",pcPowerModeNames[iPowerMode],Current_mA);
    				}
    				else if (Current_mA>=10){
    					int iDecCurrent = (int)(((fCurrent_uA/1000)-(float)Current_mA)*10+0.5);
    					snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "%s[mA]=%2d.%1d",pcPowerModeNames[iPowerMode],Current_mA,iDecCurrent);
    				}
    				else {				
    					int iDecCurrent = (int)(((fCurrent_uA/1000)-(float)Current_mA)*100+0.5);
    					snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "%s[mA]=%1d.%2d",pcPowerModeNames[iPowerMode],Current_mA,iDecCurrent);
    				}
    			}
    			else if (fCurrent_uA < 100){		
    				int iCurrent_uA = (int)fCurrent_uA;
    				int iDecCurrent_uA = (int)((fCurrent_uA-(float)iCurrent_uA)*10+0.5);
    					snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "%s[uA]=%2d.%1d",pcPowerModeNames[iPowerMode],iCurrent_uA,iDecCurrent_uA);
    				}
    			else{
    				snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "%s[uA]=%4d",pcPowerModeNames[iPowerMode],(int)fCurrent_uA);
    			}
    			if (iPowerMode == 1){
    				print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);				
    			}
    			else{
    				print_LCD_line(buf,2, 1);
    			}
    			break;
    		}
    		case STATE_SET_RESET:
    		{
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "RESET BUFFERS?");
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			break;
    		}	
    		case STATE_SET_DESTINATION_NODE:
    		{
    			if(opState==prevOpState){
    				char buf2[4];
    				lcd.setCursor(13, 0);
    				snprintf(buf2, sizeof buf2, "%3d", iDestinationNode);
    				lcd.print(buf2);
    			}
    			else{
    				snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "DEST. NODE = %3d", iDestinationNode);
    				print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			}
    			break;
    		}
    		case STATE_SET_CHANNEL:
    		{
    			if(opState==prevOpState){
    				char buf2[4];
    				lcd.setCursor(13, 0);
    				snprintf(buf2, sizeof buf2, "%3d", iRf24Channel);
    				lcd.print(buf2);
    			}
    			else{
    				snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "CHANNEL NR = %3d", iRf24Channel);
    				print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			}
    			break;
    		}
    		case STATE_SET_PALEVEL:
    		{
    			lcd.clear();
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "NODE");
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "PA Level = %s", pcPaLevelNames[iRf24PaLevel]);
    			print_LCD_line(buf,2, 1);
    			break;
    		}
    		case STATE_SET_PALEVEL_GW:
    		{
    			lcd.clear();
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "GATEWAY");
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "PA Level = %s", pcPaLevelNames[iRf24PaLevelGw]);
    			print_LCD_line(buf,2, 1);
    			break;
    		}
    		case STATE_SET_DATARATE:
    		{
    			lcd.clear();
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "DataRate=%s", pcDataRateNames[iRf24DataRate]);
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			break;
    		}
    		case STATE_SET_BASE_RADIO_ID:
    		{
    			lcd.clear();
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "Base Radio ID=  ");
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "%02X:%0.2X:%0.2X:%0.2X:%0.2X",RF24_BASE_ID_VAR[0],RF24_BASE_ID_VAR[1],RF24_BASE_ID_VAR[2],RF24_BASE_ID_VAR[3],RF24_BASE_ID_VAR[4]);
    			print_LCD_line(buf,2, 1);
    			break;
    		}		
    		case STATE_ASK_GATEWAY:
    		{
    			lcd.clear();
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "UPDATE GATEWAY?:");
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			if (bUpdateGateway){
    				snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "YES");
    				print_LCD_line(buf,2, 14);
    			}
    			else{
    				snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "NO");
    				print_LCD_line(buf,2, 15);
    			}
    			break;
    		}			
    		case STATE_UPDATE_GATEWAY:
    		{
    			lcd.clear();
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "FAILED GATEWAY!");
    			print_LCD_line(buf,1, 1);
    			snprintf(buf, sizeof buf,"%s",pcGatewayRetryNames[iRetryGateway]);
    			print_LCD_line(buf,2, 1);
    			break;								
    		}	
    	}
    	prevOpState = opState;
    }
    


  • And finally PART3 the sketch for the nRF24DoctorGateway

    /**
    * The MySensors Arduino library handles the wireless radio link and protocol
    * between your home built sensors/actuators and HA controller of choice.
    * The sensors forms a self healing radio network with optional repeaters. Each
    * repeater and gateway builds a routing tables in EEPROM which keeps track of the
    * network topology allowing messages to be routed to nodes.
    *
    * Created by Henrik Ekblad <henrik.ekblad@mysensors.org>
    * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Sensnology AB
    * Full contributor list: https://github.com/mysensors/Arduino/graphs/contributors
    *
    * Documentation: http://www.mysensors.org
    * Support Forum: http://forum.mysensors.org
    *
    * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
    * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
    * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
    *
    *******************************
    *
    * DESCRIPTION
    * The ArduinoGateway prints data received from sensors on the serial link.
    * The gateway accepts input on seral which will be sent out on radio network.
    *
    * The GW code is designed for Arduino Nano 328p / 16MHz
    *
    * Wire connections (OPTIONAL):
    * - Inclusion button should be connected between digital pin 3 and GND
    * - RX/TX/ERR leds need to be connected between +5V (anode) and digital pin 6/5/4 with resistor 270-330R in a series
    *
    * LEDs (OPTIONAL):
    * - To use the feature, uncomment any of the MY_DEFAULT_xx_LED_PINs
    * - RX (green) - blink fast on radio message recieved. In inclusion mode will blink fast only on presentation recieved
    * - TX (yellow) - blink fast on radio message transmitted. In inclusion mode will blink slowly
    * - ERR (red) - fast blink on error during transmission error or recieve crc error
    *
    */
    
    //---------------- SET SPECIFIC MY SENSORS SETTINGS ---------------------//
    
    // Enable debug prints to serial monitor
    #define MY_DEBUG
    #define MY_DEBUG_VERBOSE_SIGNING
    
    // Enable and select radio type attached
    #define MY_RADIO_NRF24
    
    
    //#define MY_RF24_CHANNEL 1
    //#define MY_RF24_DATARATE RF24_1MBPS
    
    //If you are using an Arduino Mega
    #define MY_RF24_CE_PIN 49
    #define MY_RF24_CS_PIN 53
    //Enable receiving buffer feature.
    //#define MY_RF24_IRQ_PIN 2
    //#define MY_RX_MESSAGE_BUFFER_FEATURE
    
    // Set LOW transmit power level as default, if you have an amplified NRF-module and
    // power your radio separately with a good regulator you can turn up PA level.
    #define MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL RF24_PA_MAX
    
    // Signing settings
    //#define MY_SIGNING_SOFT
    //#define MY_SIGNING_SOFT_RANDOMSEED_PIN 7
    //#define MY_SIGNING_REQUEST_SIGNATURES
    //These codes should be programmed in EEPROM through SecurityPersonalizer.ino with USB connection once (will be maintained with reprogramming of new sketches) and preferably not send over the air)
    //#define MY_SOFT_HMAC_KEY 0xFC,0x7E,0xA0,0x9F,0xEA,0x20,0x14,0xD0,0xC4,0x5F,0xBB,0xA3,0x70,0xE8,0xA1,0xDD,0x72,0x3E,0xBB,0x19,0x50,0x8E,0x35,0x7D,0x44,0x25,0xBB,0x7A,0xF4,0xAA,0x28,0x76
    //#define MY_SOFT_SERIAL 0x2C,0xA0,0x3F,0x21,0x08,0x80,0xF5,0x8A,0xC4
    //#define MY_AES_KEY 0x8F,0x87,0x9B,0x25,0xEE,0xAC,0x6A,0x36,0x3D,0xD3,0xF8,0x35,0x5F,0xD5,0xCB,0x96
    
    // RF24 encryption is enabled in MyConfig.h (all nodes and gateway must have this enabled, and all must be personalized with the same AES key)
    //#define MY_RF24_ENABLE_ENCRYPTION
    
    // Enable serial gateway
    #define MY_GATEWAY_SERIAL
    // Define a lower baud rate for Arduino's running on 8 MHz (Arduino Pro Mini 3.3V & SenseBender)
    #if F_CPU == 8000000L
    #define MY_BAUD_RATE 38400
    #endif
    
    // Enable inclusion mode
    #define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_FEATURE
    // Enable Inclusion mode button on gateway
    #define MY_INCLUSION_BUTTON_FEATURE
    
    // Inverses behavior of inclusion button (if using external pullup)
    //#define MY_INCLUSION_BUTTON_EXTERNAL_PULLUP
    
    // Set inclusion mode duration (in seconds)
    #define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_DURATION 60
    // Digital pin used for inclusion mode button
    #define MY_INCLUSION_MODE_BUTTON_PIN  3
    
    // Set blinking period
    #define MY_DEFAULT_LED_BLINK_PERIOD 300
    
    // Inverses the behavior of leds
    //#define MY_WITH_LEDS_BLINKING_INVERSE
    
    // Flash leds on rx/tx/err
    // Uncomment to override default HW configurations
    #define MY_DEFAULT_ERR_LED_PIN 4  // Error led pin
    #define MY_DEFAULT_TX_LED_PIN  5  // the PCB, on board LED
    #define MY_DEFAULT_RX_LED_PIN  6  // Receive led pin
    
    //**** MySensors Messages ****
    #define MY_TRANSPORT_SANITY_CHECK_INTERVAL_MS 3000000000			//To Prevent the MySensors library from resetting back to default radio settings
    #include <MySensors.h>
    #define CHILD_ID_UPDATE_GATEWAY 250
    MyMessage MsgUpdateGateway(CHILD_ID_UPDATE_GATEWAY, V_CUSTOM);   	//Send value for Gateway settings: xxxyz (xxx = Channel, y = PaLevel, z = DataRate)
    uint8_t iRf24Channel 		= MY_RF24_CHANNEL;
    uint8_t iRf24PaLevelGw 		= MY_RF24_PA_LEVEL;
    uint8_t iRf24DataRate 		= MY_RF24_DATARATE;
    bool bLoadNewRadioSettings 	= 0;
    const uint8_t iNrPaLevels = 4;
    const char *pcPaLevelNames[iNrPaLevels] 		= { "MIN", "LOW", "HIGH", "MAX" };
    const uint8_t iNrDataRates = 3;
    const char *pcDataRateNames[iNrDataRates] 		= { "1MBPS", "2MBPS" , "250KBPS"};
    #define DELAY_BETWEEN_RADIO_SETTINGS_PRINT 20000	//Print Radio Settings to Serial Monitor every x[ms]
    
    //**** DEBUG *****
    #define LOCAL_DEBUG
    
    #ifdef LOCAL_DEBUG
    #define Sprint(a) (Serial.print(a))           	// macro as substitute for print, enable if no print wanted
    #define Sprintln(a) (Serial.println(a))         
    #else											// macro for "no" debug print
    #define Sprint(a)                   			
    #define Sprintln(a)                   			
    #endif
    
    
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------//
    
    
    void setup()
    {
    	//loadNewRadioSettings();	//Load the Radio Settings as transmitted by the nRF24 Doctor Node
    }
    
    void presentation()
    {
    	// Present locally attached sensors
    }
    
    void loop()
    {
    	static unsigned long lLastRadioSettingsPrint = millis();
    	wait(1);	
    	//Set new Radio settings by nRF24 Doctor Node
    	if (bLoadNewRadioSettings){
    		bLoadNewRadioSettings = 0;
    		loadNewRadioSettings();
    	}
    	//Regularly print the Radio Settings we are using
    	if ((millis()- lLastRadioSettingsPrint) > DELAY_BETWEEN_RADIO_SETTINGS_PRINT){// wait for things to settle and ack's to arrive
    		lLastRadioSettingsPrint = millis();
    		PrintRadioSettings();
    	}	
    }
    
    /*****************************************************************************/
    /************************ RECEIVE & TRANSMIT FUNCTIONS ***********************/
    /*****************************************************************************/
    void receive(const MyMessage &message) {
    	if (message.type == V_CUSTOM && message.sensor==CHILD_ID_UPDATE_GATEWAY){	//Acknowledge message & of correct type & Sensor
    		uint16_t iNewMessage = message.getUInt();           // get received value
    		//Extract the new Gateway settings
    		iRf24Channel 	= (uint16_t)(iNewMessage/100U);
    		iRf24PaLevelGw 	= (uint16_t)((iNewMessage/10U)%10);
    		iRf24DataRate 	= (uint16_t)(iNewMessage%10);
    		bLoadNewRadioSettings = 1;
    		Sprintln("Received new Radio settings.");
    	}
    }
    
    /********************************************************************************/
    /************************ CONFIGURE nRF24 RADIO FUNCTIONS ***********************/
    /********************************************************************************/
    void loadNewRadioSettings() {
    	uint8_t rfsetup = ( ((iRf24DataRate & 0b10 ) << 4) | ((iRf24DataRate & 0b01 ) << 3) | (iRf24PaLevelGw << 1) ) + 1;		//!< RF24_RF_SETUP, +1 for Si24R1 and LNA
    	RF24_setChannel(iRf24Channel);
    	RF24_setRFSetup(rfsetup);
    	RF24_enableFeatures();
    	Sprint("Updated Radio Settings!\t");
    	PrintRadioSettings();
    }
    
    /********************************************************************************/
    /******************************** SERIAL OUTPUT *********************************/
    /********************************************************************************/
    void PrintRadioSettings() {
    	Sprint("Channel:");Sprint(iRf24Channel);Sprint("\t");
    	Sprint("PaLevel:");Sprint(pcPaLevelNames[iRf24PaLevelGw]);Sprint("\t");
    	Sprint("DataRate:");Sprint(pcDataRateNames[iRf24DataRate]);Sprintln("\t");
    }
    

    I hope this will be helpful to others to diagnose and doctor their nRF24 Connections.


  • Mod

    I can only say "awesome project" 👍



  • Very helpfull!



  • Thanks @gohan & @Heizelmann , I appreciate your recognition of the work that I did and hope others will experience it as helpful as you and I do.


  • Plugin Developer

    Very cool!

    Just thinking out loud: Would it be an idea to create a 'light' version of this that could be loaded onto a bare node, without any sensors/screens, and that would output details over serial? For beginners it might be a bit much to invest in so much hardware. But the core functionality is awesome!


  • Mod

    @alowhum well, the schematic is more or less the bare minimum. Even with current measurement the number of components and total cost is very low ($10 ballpark).
    This project is a continuous development and I'm designing a pcb for it at the moment (all through - hole, so easy to replicate).
    The output of the display could also be sent over serial, but the whole idea is you can walk around with the doctor and improve your results as you go.



  • @Technovation , thanks for diagnostics tool. Could you help to interpret the results what I get?

    When I am at ~7m range, I nrf24doctor node shows no faults and gateway produces all nice log:

    250;0;1;0;48;17
    0;255;3;0;9;227401 TSF:MSG:READ,250-250-0,s=0,c=1,t=48,pt=3,l=2,sg=0:18
    0;255;3;0;9;227408 TSF:MSG:ACK REQ
    0;255;3;0;9;227418 TSF:MSG:SEND,0-0-250-250,s=0,c=1,t=48,pt=3,l=2,sg=0,ft=0,st=OK:18

    When distance increases, nrf24doctor node shows 1-2 percent of faults, but the log on the gateway consistently shows NACK's:

    250;0;1;0;48;322
    0;255;3;0;9;558810 TSF:MSG:READ,250-250-0,s=0,c=1,t=48,pt=3,l=2,sg=0:323
    0;255;3;0;9;558817 TSF:MSG:ACK REQ
    0;255;3;0;9;558856 !TSF:MSG:SEND,0-0-250-250,s=0,c=1,t=48,pt=3,l=2,sg=0,ft=0,st=NACK:323

    So do I read it right way, that my node manages to deliver to gateway the message with payload, but fails to deliver the ACK?

    How that works? How do I understand results like this?

    thanks,



  • @technovation

    Very helpfull! Very good work !
    I plan to realize one.
    But I have some questions about the NODE.
    I don't understand clearly the connections of the differents parts, especialy between the MosFETs and the nRF24 Radio.
    A complete shematic with Arduino Nano, LCD, MosFETs, nRF24 Radio and power supply would be appreciated.
    I don't know the possibility, but getting the RF RX signal strenght of the NODE, will be very interesting.

    @Yveaux I am curious to see your PCB.

    Rpx.


  • Mod

    @rpx said in nRF24Doctor:

    I am curious to see your PCB.

    Here you are :

    https://github.com/TechNovation01/nRF24Doctor/blob/master/pcb/nRFDoctor_1.1_sch.pdf

    It has some shortcomings for the power part, but the mosfets are ok.



  • @yveaux Thanks !
    Rpx.



  • Good job I would try to build it too. I have seen that the pcb are in pdf format, it is possible to have them in Eagle format. I can not find the buttons used on the card, can you give me some references?
    Thanks gillen



  • @Yveaux

    Done ! With your great help on github, I made one nRF24DoctorNode.
    Some modifications : Battery powering with two LiIon from laptop, for 7.5 v on Arduino Nano Raw
    The 1117 of Nano out 5.0v for Nano, LCD1602 and KY040 Rotary Encoder.
    Finally the 5.0v powers a LE33 to produce 3.3v for nRF24.
    Resistors smd, led and mosFETs (I try 40N03) are "second hand parts".
    With your PDF schematics I redraw à nRF24DoctorNode with KiKad.
    And a pcb, not so beautiful and compact than yours, but "Home made" 85x85mm single side with four straps.

    Anyway, I have one question, if the github nRF24DoctorGateway.ino compile correctly,
    the nRF24DoctorNode.ino produce one error :

    /sketchbook/nRF24DoctorNode/nRF24DoctorNode.ino: In function 'void statemachine()':
    

    nRF24DoctorNode:566: error: 'RF24_getReceivedPowerDetector' was not declared in this scope
    if (RF24_getReceivedPowerDetector())
    ^
    If I comment this line, it compile correctly.

    What's wrong ?

    Rpx


  • Mod

    @rpx you need the development version of the mySensors library. 2.3.0 doesn't contain the functions for the received power detection graph yet.
    The doctor will work with that line commented out, but the graph will stay empty.


  • Mod

    @yveaux what graph is that?



  • @Yveaux
    Thank you very much for your answer.
    I upload nRF24DoctorNode.ino with commented line and ... It work's ! But it don't see any of my three gateways one serial and two Ethernet W5100 which are all on work.
    First I have to build a fourth one with the nRF24DoctorGateway.ino sketch.
    Some photos:
    Front
    0_1538577849772_IMG_3094-1024x1024.jpg
    Front without Nano & LCD
    0_1538577902996_IMG_3096-1024x1024.jpg
    Back
    0_1538578009930_IMG_3097-1024x1024.jpg
    KiKad schematics:

    0_1538652376382_nRF24Doctor_v2_sch_l.png
    Pcb:
    0_1538578266648_nRF24Doctor_v2-brd.png
    And LCD modifications:

    For D4 - D7 LCD
    #define LCD_D7     8  // 5 due to easier pcb design 
    #define LCD_D6     7  // 6
    #define LCD_D5     6  // 7
    #define LCD_D4     5  // 8
    

    At last, I need to build an enclosure...

    Rpx.


  • Mod



  • @yveaux Thanks !

    One enclosure later...
    I think about my three gateways weren't view.
    And made few adjustments.

    First in RadioConfig.h Ireplace "Zero CaFe BaBe" by my one of MY_RF24_BASE_RADIO_ID

    /**

    • @def MY_RF24_BASE_RADIO_ID
    • @brief RF24 radio network identifier.
    • This acts as base value for sensor nodeId addresses. Change this (or channel) if you have more
    • than one sensor network.
      */
      //0x00,0xCA,0xFE,0xBA,0xBE // modif Rpx de "Zero CaFe BaBe"

    Second to be sure force selection of nRF24 CE on D9 and CS on D10

    //PIN 9~13: NRF24 RADIO
    #define MY_RF24_CE_PIN    (9)
    #define MY_RF24_CS_PIN    (10)
    

    And then Doctor is at work!
    Enclosure Open
    0_1538944058648_IMG_3100-1024x1024.jpg

    Connecting
    0_1538944136354_nRF24DoctorConnection.png

    Msg
    0_1538944177764_nRF24DoctorMsg.png

    Message Count
    0_1538944217920_nRF24DoctorMessageCount.png

    Tx Rx
    0_1538944257770_nRF24DoctorRxTx.png

    Sleep
    0_1538944291576_nRF24DoctorSleep.png

    Scan
    0_1538944474986_nRF24DoctorScan.png

    At last, nRF24Doctor is working. Except scan due I think to use MySensors Library 2.2.0.
    I don't know if a nRF24 PA LNA (20dBm) can be tested with nRF24Doctor but if my circuit design is used you should change LE33 witch output max 100mA because nRF24 PA LNA need 150mA min.
    And one problem, a test with nRF24Doctor "freeze" Domoticz 3.8153, I need to stop service Domoticz and start to have a Domoticz web access.

    Thank you very much Yveaux.
    Rpx.



  • @rpx
    @Yveaux OK with a nRF24 gateway it's working fine. But, and I don't remember why, I need to strap pin 8 of nRF24L01+ (Irq) to Nano Pin D2, which is not required on mysensors gateways.
    And with MySensors Library 2.3.0 beta Scan is working.

    0_1543167158653_IMG_3114-Scan2.jpg
    This pattern is a 950W microwave owen near by 0,60 meter.
    The graph has 8 pixel high, can you give me a idea of the power scale of each pixel ?

    And I plan with friends help, to measure differents antennas in open field as J pole, Yagi-Uda and cloverleaf.
    Rpx.


  • Mod

    @rpx said in nRF24Doctor:

    The graph has 8 pixel high, can you give me a idea of the power scale of each pixel

    Each time a carrier is detected on a channel the count for the channel is increased by 1, with a maximum of 255 per channel (per bucket really).
    The top pixel of the chart gets set when the value is 128 or above, the next when 64 or above, then 32 etc. So kind of log2 logarithmic.
    It makes the chart sensitive to small counts, but also displays larger values.



  • @Yveaux

    This code is just great, Very good and impressive job.

    While looking after recommendations for improving reliability of NRF24 links on easydomoticz french forum, @rpx put me through your NRFDoctor and I must admit is exceeds my expectations.

    I just built it in few days and just starting to use it.

    Tx/Rx statistic, Icc current measurements in sleep and operating modes, capabilities to reconfigure radio parameters between node and gateway, without forgeting the beautifull frequency range bar graph.

    A perfect tool for Wifi and NRF links.
    Many Thanks and regards




  • Mod

    @benbidouille great to hear you like it!
    Nice and compact build 👍



  • @Yveaux
    Can you confirm your design is operating well with NRF24 radio modules with High Icc current consumption up to 150 mA like with PA modules ?

    I mean is clear Rds ON of MOSfet is chosen as low as possible, but the voltage drop across the 2.2ohm shunt might becomes critical especially along transcients when radio operates.

    I added Caps at Radio Supply rails ends and also Jumper for shorting shunt circuitry in case of.

    Again very nice and well engineered design.

    I used 20x2 display instead of 16x2, How painfull would you think it is to extend the graph display resolution ?


  • Mod

    @benbidouille said in nRF24Doctor:

    I used 20x2 display instead of 16x2, How painfull would you think it is to extend the graph display resolution ?

    The number of columns of the LCD display can be changed here.
    You manually would have to change the lengths of fixed strings, like starting from here.
    Could very well be that you start running into memory issues then, as the AVR is pretty packed.

    Regarding current measurements; the design & calculations were done by @Technovation, maybe he can chip in.
    I can remember we struggled with grounding issues, as different Nanos have different quality in grounding, leading to deviations in measured current. We ended up manually patching a Nano to improve the ground layout.



  • @Yveaux
    Thanks a lot for your feedback, and again very good collaborative job.

    The built-in starting and ending channel number capability even justifies to change nothing , it magnifies well the graph channel representation.

    Yes I fully agree, by experience ADC measure and ground reference are critical on NANO.
    Regards



  • @Yveaux:

    @Technovation, maybe he can chip in.
    I can remember we struggled with grounding issues, as different Nanos have different quality in grounding, leading to deviations in measured current. We ended up manually patching a Nano to improve the ground layout.

    Indeed the depending on the nano board you may experience ground layout problems which are generally a problem for any accurate ADC measurement. The nano boards have GND pins on both left and right pin headers. In the poor designs they have no ground plane and simply use a thin trace to those pins. If you then have a bit of (varying) current draw flowing through those GND pins, the burden voltage on that thin trace will swing your GND reference for your ADC measurement up and down.

    @benbidouille

    I mean is clear Rds ON of MOSfet is chosen as low as possible, but the voltage drop across the 2.2ohm shunt might becomes critical especially along transcients when radio operates.

    The 2.2Ohm was a balance between current measurement resolution and the maximum current draw of a module during transmit. The worst case power consumption I measured was for a PA+LNA module at POWER = MAX (0dBm) setting and it consumed around 200mA bursts during transmit (these bursts are short and if you use a filtering cap it will average out those spikes to for example the 150mA you measured).

    So a 2.2Ohm x 200mA = 0.44V drop.

    Design considerations

    • Drop out voltage nRF24:
      This 0.44V will subtract from the 3V3 supply voltage to the nRF24 chip, leaving about 2.8V. According to the datasheet the nRF chip allows operation down to 2.7V for input signals >3.6V (e.g. 5V nano).
    • 3V3 Regulation
      Also the voltage regulation to the nRF needs some attention. Using the 3V3 regulation from the nano itself may not suffice, because at some boards the voltage regulator will not be able to sustain a stable 3V3 at those current peaks. For that purpose there is the external regulator present. Here you may have to opt for a low drop-out regulator, because a "standard" regulators drop out voltage will typically be 1.2V or larger and will not have sufficient voltage available in combo with the 0.44V burden voltage is in this budget: 3V3 output regulation + 0.44Vdrop + 1.2V regulation margin > 5V input to regulator.

    So all and all the design should be able to handle the PA+LNA in the worst case conditions (max power) and it did with all the units I tested, but it may require a bit of attention in the regulation. However some attention to the supply regulation is in general required with the PA+LNA variants in any design.



  • Many thanks for your highlights.

    Yes fully agreed that unfortunatly cheap NANO or PRO MINI does not have state of the art PCB design rules with ground planes.

    Supply of NRF24 is requiring also a lot of attention in power rails that shall be as much as possible decoupled from the digital supply of the Arduino, better to have an external low drop out voltage regulator as you mentionned earlier.

    For the 3.3V regulation and voltage drop, I do not follow you, to me we have 3.3V output regulation + 1,2V regulation margin which remains well under the 5V input of the regulator ( doesn't includes the 0,44v drop )

    The Voltage drop accross the 2,2 ohm shunt is on the ground path of the 3,3V regulator so the NRF24 is seing only 3,3V - 0,44V on worse case TX condition and considering rdson is neglectable against the shunt.

    From the NRF24, Radio can even operate with down to 1,9V supply, surprisingly very tolerant.

    In my circuit I placed a jumper for shorting the shunt and fullfill a 3.3V supply.

    After some trials today up to 154mA , I can confirm the voltage drop has absolutly no effect to radio TX/RX quality, so my jumper is useless, but I always prefer to put it in place for all expect power and sleep measurement.

    Again great job you all did.

    Just a question related to Statistics, What is the FAIL and NACK % corresponding to ?
    It never exceeds few % even so the transmission is continiously failing.



  • @benbidouille

    I do not follow you, to me we have 3.3V output regulation + 1,2V regulation margin which remains well under the 5V input of the regulator ( doesn't includes the 0,44v drop )

    You're right. I knew there was something additional in the order of about that shunt voltage drop, but should have checked the layout to spark my memory a bit better. It is not the voltage drop of the shunt but if you use the 5V output from the nano board you may have to account for a reverse voltage protection diode that may be present (i.e. your 5V pin does not really 5V). That's why there is a jumper to directly supply from the Vin pin.

    What is the FAIL and NACK % corresponding to

    • As in the description with the first post it should report percentage of FAILED acknowledges for the first HOP transmit (if no repeater nodes are present, then the first HOP will be the Gateway). This is actually the confirmation at "nrf24 radio level" to report if the message was received by another radio.
    • NACK : The gateway is requested an ACK message for every message the node transmits. So that means the round trip of the message from NODE-> GATEWAY -> NODE.

    So it can be that you have no FAIL but a lot of NACK, which would mean that your test node can send out a message and was received by another radio, but never receives an ACK back for the transmitted message.



  • @Technovation
    Many Thanks for your feedback, Yes we are fully in line, including the forward diode junction on the 5V.

    About the NACK and FAIL this is very clear to me for the absolute value but I was wondering for Percentage value.

    I'm actually doing transmission benchmarks ( combining different radios, radio shields etc .... under exact same conditions ) over periods of 5 minutes with payloads of 2 and 100 Msg/s, and I thought the percentage shown corresponds to Nbr_of_fail / Total_Counter, but it is not and i assume percentage is rather calculated over last X.

    This is a very very good tools, I really appreciate, OEM NRF24 module are not all the same some are much better than others.
    Best Regards



  • @benbidouille said in nRF24Doctor:

    I thought the percentage shown corresponds to Nbr_of_fail / Total_Counter, but it is not and i assume percentage is rather calculated over last X

    It is indeed calculated over the last 100 msg's. In that way you have some "real-time" feedback on your connection quality (i.e. suppose you would have had 10.000 good msg's and it would start to fail - it will take +/-100 failed msg's to drop a single 1%).

    You can calculate the percentage based on the total nr of msg's by getting the total MESSAGE COUNT displayed at Counters page and combine that with the values from FAIL and NACK on the Statistics page.



  • @Technovation
    Many thanks, I took opportunity of the only oversized 20x2 LCD device I had, to add the Nbr_of_fail / Total_Counter statistics display, very useful for cumulative % on long run in addition to original last 100 msg.

    I also wanted to share with you importance of having a proper shielding (underneath green tape is aluminium film) where only Radio OEM module is exposed.

    Under PA+LNA in the worst case conditions (max power), shielding significantly increases TX RX reliability (ideally OEM module body should also be shielded)
    Cheers
    IMG_2833.JPG



  • Hello,

    This is me again
    I intended to modify my existing W5100 GW to incorporate Doctor features, W5100 based on an Arduino NANO but I'm facing an architecture issue.

    Mysensor recommends W5100 GW to use a Soft SPI for the NRF24 Radio as seems W5100 and NRF24 both on same SPI bus fails to operate.

    GW Doctor requires IRQ which Soft SPI doesn't support, so sketch fails to compile with below error.

    #error RF24 IRQ usage cannot be used with Soft SPI

    Has somebody worked-around that situation and succeded to have a W5100 Doctor GW ?

    Thanks in advance


  • Mod

    @benbidouille you can run W5100 with hardware spi but there are many revisions of the W5100 arduino shield available. Some of them eg require to have a defined state of the SD card select line before mySensors starts. Not a big problem, but you need to understand your hardware.
    That's why soft spi is suggested.



  • @Yveaux
    Thanks a lot for your feedback.

    I used very basic W5100 HW as on below link link text.

    Why MySensor forum do mention "The W5100 ethernet module has problems sharing SPI with radio" recommending to use soft SPI with such unit without SD card ?

    I must admit, I implemented sketch and wiring as recommended by MySensor forum with no brainer.

    Lots of post like here link text seems also to confirm issues in the way W5100 handles SPI bus, a reel night mare, I haven't found any succesfull experience in forum yet.

    Should you have further information or maybe working sketch to share, I would very much appreciate.

    I have no logic analyzer so would prefer to avoid entering in long debug session but if you confirm W5100 and NRF on same SPI bus should work, i'll make a trial and rewire mine.
    Regards


  • Mod

    @benbidouille I've run multiple gateways using W5100 on hw spi with atmega328 and never had any issues apart from that SD card select line.
    I'm not sure why the docs mention there would be a sharing issue.



  • @Yveaux
    Thanks so much for confirmation,
    Seems a large community of people faced the issue here back in 2014 link text , and the recomendation comes from this past experience.

    My undertanding is nobody re-challenged the recomendation and possibly are we the only one interested in getting IRQ with NRFDoctor.

    So is a good news you confirm it works.
    Can I assume you use same W5100 HW shield as mine and that you have for HW connections:

    • W5100 (CS/MOSI/MISO/CLK) wired respectively on HW SPI (10,11,12,13)
    • NRF24 also on HW SPI for (MOSI/MISO/CLK) only and differentiated CS/CE/IRQ on for instance respectively 6/5/2

    Regards and thanks for these precious informations that will help me saving time.
    Regards



  • @Yveaux said in nRF24Doctor:

    I've run multiple gateways using W5100 on hw spi with atmega328 and never had any issues apart from that SD card select line.

    Very interesting. I just (few weeks ago) built an Ethernet gateway recently and at the time followed the recommendation for soft SPI. Then more recently I read about hardware SPI being required for MY_RX_MESSAGE_BUFFER_FEATURE which of course would be a valuable feature on a gateway.

    @benbidouille,

    Did you ever investigate further? Even if not, I will probably do so on my own, sooner or later, as I have a few of the various W5500 cheap modules here...



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