Irrigation Controller (up to 16 valves with Shift Registers)


  • Contest Winner

    I put together an extension of the multi-Relay controller for use as a controller for your irrigation project if you have more zones than available pins on your Arduino.

    This sketch features the following:

    • Allows you to cycle through All zones or individual zone control.
    • Use the (n+1)th device to activate each zone in numeric sequence (zero to n) using
      Variable1 as the "ON" time in minutes in each of the vera devices created.
    • Use the individual zone controller to activate a single zone. This feature uses
      Variable2 as the "ON" time for each individual device/zone.
    • Connect according to pinout in the sketch and uses an 74HC595 (or equiv) Shift Register as to
      allow the MySensors standard radio configuration and still leave available digital pins
    • Compiles to ~12,000 Bytes, so will run on any Arduino
    • Turning on any zone will stop the current process and begin that particular process.
    • Turning off any zone will stop the current process and turn off all zones.
    • Sketch must collect your desired intervals so it takes several minutes to startup.
    • If you change your desired time intervals for your zones, simply restart your arduino
      and it will self update to reflect those changes.

    Example, I am using with 8 relays:

    This will create 9 devices. Zero through 7 are the individual relays. Eight is the Sequencer, so to speak (refer to attachment).

    Once you create this and add it using the gateway, go to each of zero through 7 and edit Variable1 and Variable2 for what time you want to use for the Sequencer or Zone respectively. Then save the settings. Then, restart your arduino; your arduino will extract these settings and save them to an array.

    When you turn on device 8 (aka the Sequencer) the relays will actuate in order from zero to seven, each one staying on for the period entered in the Variable1 field. There is a 5 second delay at the start of a new zone to allow for the valves to hydraulically reset.

    When you turn on any of devices zero through 7, it will run that zone only for the period of time entered in Variable2.

    Selecting any new zone (0-8) will stop the current process and start as per above.

    Hope you have a use for it. If you see any opportunity to improve, or find a bug, let me know.

    Jim
    modified. Attached wrong file, whoops!

    Sprinkler.ino


  • Admin

    Great thanks!



  • Looking at the sketch, there seems to be a fair bit of logic and processing that happens in the Arduino. A lot more than a simple on/off command for the zone. Any reason for this logic not to be controlled by the gateway?


  • Contest Winner

    @mikeones said:

    Looking at the sketch, there seems to be a fair bit of logic and processing that happens in the Arduino. A lot more than a simple on/off command for the zone. Any reason for this logic not to be controlled by the gateway?

    I didn't think I had that much happening on the Arduino side, it is turning on and off up to 8 relays based on times stored server side. IMHO, this saves a lot of work creating the functionality to progress through the zones within Vera. You would need eight scenes to turn on and off each relay, or one scene with delays. Either way, if you happened to have a vera restart in the middle, then you would have interrupted one of the cycles or even more, depending how you connected the scenes. You could program it in PLEG, but that won't be easy either, especially not wanting to overlap your single zone actions. Then you are also inside your PLEG editor every time you want to tweak the time in a zone.

    You need to control 8 relays with three wires, so a lot of the code is about pushing the little byte into the shift register (with all of the install comments, debug assists, etc. this is less than 100 LOC as is and i admit its too flabby at that).

    I have an EtherRain8 and it was a bear to get that working this easily.

    This is a set-it and forget-it approach; push the variables to the Arduino and run it whenever you want.

    I'm going to add an update toggle that will push out new variables if you make a change server side. Look for a V2.0 coming soon. I'm going to play with this for a while, and look for comments from others using it (there were a couple folks in the Vera forum looking for this).


  • Hero Member

    Hello,

    Can you describe your installation (what kind of relay you used) and whether you use a moisture sensor ? I'm looking for one that would last, more than those basic we have here for Arduino, and/or a water evaporation system (as I actually have).

    I'd really love to have an intelligent irrigation system that would handle wind, temp, moisture per zone... and not globally as I actually have, for grass and growing plants do not have the same needs...


  • Contest Winner

    @epierre said:

    Hello,

    Can you describe your installation (what kind of relay you used) and whether you use a moisture sensor ? I'm looking for one that would last, more than those basic we have here for Arduino, and/or a water evaporation system (as I actually have).

    I'd really love to have an intelligent irrigation system that would handle wind, temp, moisture per zone... and not globally as I actually have, for grass and growing plants do not have the same needs...

    I have been using two of these moisture sensors for some large pots. They are the real deal, while quite expensive versus the stuff I've seen for arduino. The pots drain quickly so I have to water them on a different schedule.

    I also updated the sketch to add pushbutton activation and a status LED

    Sprinkler.ino


  • Hero Member

    Yes I thought it would be something like that, unfortunatly from Europe it is quite expensive, although the Davis is more affordable from here...


  • Admin

    @BulldogLowell thanks for making this! I have bookmarked this post and I'll be back when I get a chance to assemble this.


  • Contest Winner

    @petewill, well, I hope you like it. I wired together with my relays and damn if it didn't work on one zone. It turns out I have a bad optocoupler on the bank of 8 relays I bought. :(

    But no despair, I'll have a replacement shortly.

    Please be critical. Any way to make it work better is an idea worth pursuing.

    Thanks!


  • Contest Winner

    can anyone take a whack at updating my sketch for the latest IDE?

    I have someone on the vera forum waiting for an update but I haven't updated my net yet.

    this setback will cost me a week or so to update, ask I'm looking for help...

    SprinklerActiveLow.ino




  • Contest Winner

    I updated the Irrigation Controller to 1.4.1 and added some more functionality. It will control up to 16 valves now, controls an LCD display and some fun new things.

    Screen Shot 2014-11-30 at 5.00.56 PM.png

    Video of the communications icons

    Take a look and I'll update when I get it all in a box:

    /*
    MySprinkler for MySensors
    
    Arduino Multi-Zone Sprinkler Control
    
    November, 2014
    
    *** Version 2.0 
    
    *** Upgraded to http://MySensors.org version 1.4.1
    *** Expanded for up to 16 Valves
    *** Setup for active low relay board or comment out #define ACTIVE_LOW to switch to active high
    *** Switch to bitshift method vs byte arrays
    *** Changed RUN_ALL_ZONES Vera device to 0 (was highest valve)
    *** Added optional LCD display featuring remaining time, date last ran & current time
    *** Features 'raindrop' and 'clock' icons which indicate sensor is updating valve times and clock respectively
    
    Utilizing your Vera home automation controller and the MySensors.org gateway you can
    control up to a sixteen zone irrigation system with only three digital pins.  This sketch 
    will create NUMBER_OF_VALVES + 1 devices on your Vera controller
    
    This sketch features the following:
    
    * Allows you to cycle through All zones (RUN_ALL_ZONES) or individual zone (RUN_SINGLE_ZONE) control.  
    * Use the 0th controller to activate RUN_ALL_ZONES (each zone in numeric sequence 1 to n) 
    using Variable1 as the "ON" time in minutes in each of the vera devices created.
    * Use the individual zone controller to activate a single zone.  This feature uses 
    Variable2 as the "ON" time for each individual device/zone.
    * Connect according to pinout below and uses Shift Registers as to allow the MySensors 
    standard radio configuration and still leave available digital pins
    * Turning on any zone will stop the current process and begin that particular process.
    * Turning off any zone will stop the current process and turn off all zones.
    * To push your new time intervals for your zones, simply change the variable on your Vera and 
    your arduino will call to Vera once a minute and update accordingly.
    * Pushbutton activation to RUN_ALL_ZONES
    * LED status indicator
    
    INSTRUCTIONS:
    
    * After assembling your arduino, radio, decoupling capacitors, shift register(s), status LED, pushbutton LCD (I2C connected to 
    A4 and A5) and relays, and load the sketch.
    * Following the instructions at https://MySensors.org include the device to your MySensors Gateway.
    * Verify that each new device has a Variable1 and Variable2. Populate data accordingly with whole minutes for 
    the RUN_ALL_ZONES routine and the RUN_SINGLE_ZONE routines.  The values entered may be zero.  
    * Once you have entered values for each zone and each variable, save the settings by pressing the red save button on your Vera.
    * Restart your arduino; verify the settings are loaded into your arduino with the serial monitor; the array will be printed
    on the serial monitor.
    * Your arduino should slow-flash, indicating that it is in ready mode.
    * There are multiple debug serial prints that can be monitored to assure that it is operating properly.
    * https://bitbucket.org/fmalpartida/new-liquidcrystal/downloads for the I2C library, or use yours
    
    Contributed by Jim (BulldogLowell@gmail.com) and is released to the public domain
    */
    // 
    #include <Wire.h>
    #include <Time.h>
    #include <MySensor.h>
    #include <SPI.h>
    #include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h>
    //
    #define NUMBER_OF_VALVES 8  // Change this to set your valve count up to 16.
    #define VALVE_RESET_TIME 7500UL   // Change this (in milliseconds) for the time you need your valves to hydraulically reset and change state
    #define RADIO_ID 9 // AUTO  // Change this to fix your Radio ID or use Auto
    //
    #define ACTIVE_LOW // comment out this line if your relays are active high
    //
    #define DEBUG_ON   // comment out to supress serial monitor output
    //
    #ifdef ACTIVE_LOW
    #define BITSHIFT_VALVE_NUMBER ~(1U << (valveNumber-1))
    #define ALL_VALVES_OFF 0xFFFF
    #else
    #define BITSHIFT_VALVE_NUMBER (1U << (valveNumber-1))
    #define ALL_VALVES_OFF 0U
    #endif
    //
    #ifdef DEBUG_ON
    #define DEBUG_PRINT(x)   Serial.print(x)
    #define DEBUG_PRINTLN(x) Serial.println(x)
    #define SERIAL_START(x)  Serial.begin(x)
    #else
    #define DEBUG_PRINT(x)
    #define DEBUG_PRINTLN(x)
    #define SERIAL_START(x)
    #endif
    //
    typedef enum {
     STAND_BY_ALL_OFF, RUN_SINGLE_ZONE, RUN_ALL_ZONES, CYCLE_COMPLETE}
    SprinklerStates;
    //
    SprinklerStates state = STAND_BY_ALL_OFF;
    SprinklerStates lastState;
    //
    int allZoneTime [NUMBER_OF_VALVES + 1];
    int valveSoloTime [NUMBER_OF_VALVES + 1];
    int valveNumber;
    int lastValve;
    unsigned long startMillis;
    const int ledPin = 5;
    boolean buttonPushed = false;
    boolean showTime = true;
    boolean clockUpdating = false;
    boolean recentUpdate = true;
    const char *dayOfWeek[] = {
     "Null","Sunday ","Monday ", "Tuesday ", "Wednesday ", "Thursday ", "Friday ", "Saturday "};
    //
    time_t lastTimeRun = 0;
    //Setup Shift Register...
    const int latchPin = 8;
    const int clockPin = 4;
    const int dataPin  = 7;
    // 
    uint8_t clock[8] = {0x0,0xe,0x15,0x17,0x11,0xe,0x0}; // fetching time indicator
    uint8_t raindrop[8] = {0x4,0x4,0xA,0xA,0x11,0xE,0x0,}; // fetching Valve Data indicator
    //
    LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27, 16, 2);  // set the LCD I2C address to 0x27 (16 characters and 2 line display)
    MySensor gw;
    //
    MyMessage msg1valve(0,V_LIGHT);
    MyMessage var1valve(0,V_VAR1);
    MyMessage var2valve(0,V_VAR2);
    //
    void setup() 
    { 
     Serial.begin(115200);
     delay(5000);
     lcd.init();
     lcd.clear();
     lcd.backlight();
     lcd.createChar(0, clock);
     lcd.createChar(1, raindrop);
     DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Initialising..."));
     pinMode(latchPin, OUTPUT);
     pinMode(clockPin, OUTPUT);
     pinMode(dataPin, OUTPUT);
     pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
     attachInterrupt(2, PushButton, CHANGE);
     digitalWrite (ledPin, HIGH);
     // 
     //check for saved date in EEPROM
     DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Checking EEPROM for stored date:"));
     if (gw.loadState(0) == 0xFF); // EEPROM flag
     {
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Retreiving last run time from EEPROM..."));
    	for (int i = 0; i < 4 ; i++)
    	{
         lastTimeRun = lastTimeRun << 8;
         lastTimeRun = lastTimeRun | gw.loadState(i+1); // assemble 4 bytes into an ussigned long epoch timestamp
    	}
     }
     gw.begin(getVariables, RADIO_ID, false); // Change 'false' to 'true' to create a Radio repeating node
     gw.sendSketchInfo("MySprinkler", "2.0");
     for (byte i = 0; i <= NUMBER_OF_VALVES; i++)
     {
    	gw.present(i, S_LIGHT);
     }
     DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Sensor Presentation Complete"));
     //
     DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Turning All Valves Off..."));
     updateRelays(ALL_VALVES_OFF);
     digitalWrite (ledPin, LOW);
     DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Ready..."));
     //
     lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
     lcd.print(F(" Syncing Time  "));
     lcd.setCursor(15, 0);
     lcd.write(0);  //lcd.print(0, BYTE);
     lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
     int clockCounter = 0;
     while(timeStatus() == timeNotSet && clockCounter < 21)
     {
    	gw.process();
    	gw.requestTime(receiveTime);
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Requesting time from Gateway:"));
    	delay(1000);
    	lcd.print(".");
    	DEBUG_PRINT(F("."));
    	clockCounter++;
    	if (clockCounter > 16)
    	{
         DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Failed initial clock synchronization!"));
         lcd.clear();
         lcd.print(F("  Failed Clock  "));
         lcd.setCursor(0,1);
         lcd.print(F(" Syncronization "));
         delay(2000);
         break;
    	}
     }
     //
     lcd.clear();
    }
    //
    void loop()
    {
     gw.process();
     updateClock();
     updateDisplay();
     goGetValveTimes();
     //
     if (buttonPushed)
     {
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Button Pressed"));
    	if (state != RUN_ALL_ZONES);
    	{
         state = RUN_ALL_ZONES;
         valveNumber = 1;
         gw.send(msg1valve.setSensor(0).set(true), false);
         startMillis = millis();
         for (byte i = 0; i < 5; i++)  // flash lcd backlight on button press
         {
    		lcd.noBacklight(); 
    		delay(25);
    		lcd.backlight();
         }
         delay(50);
         fastClear();
         lcd.setCursor(0,0);
         lcd.print(F("*AllZone Active*"));
         lcd.setCursor(0,0);
         lcd.print(F(" Cycling  Zones "));
         delay(1000);
         DEBUG_PRINT(F("State = "));
         DEBUG_PRINTLN(state);
    	}
    	buttonPushed = false;
     }
     if (state == STAND_BY_ALL_OFF) 
     {
    	slowToggleLED (); 
    	if (state != lastState)
    	{
         updateRelays(ALL_VALVES_OFF);
         DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("State Changed... all Zones off"));
         for (byte i = 0; i <= NUMBER_OF_VALVES; i++)
         {
    		delay(50);
    		gw.send(msg1valve.setSensor(i).set(false), false);
         }
         lastValve = -1;
    	}
     }
     //
     else if (state == RUN_ALL_ZONES)
     { 
    	if (lastValve != valveNumber)
    	{
         for (byte i = 0; i <= NUMBER_OF_VALVES; i++)
         {
    		if (i == 0 || i == valveNumber)
    		{
    	     gw.send(msg1valve.setSensor(i).set(true), false);
    		}
    		else
    		{
    	     gw.send(msg1valve.setSensor(i).set(false), false);
    		}
         }
    	}
    	lastValve = valveNumber;
    	fastToggleLed();
    	if (state != lastState)
    	{
         valveNumber = 1;
         updateRelays(ALL_VALVES_OFF);
         DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("State Changed, Running All Zones..."));
    	}
    	unsigned long nowMillis = millis();
    	if (nowMillis - startMillis < VALVE_RESET_TIME)
    	{
         updateRelays(ALL_VALVES_OFF);
    	}
    	else if (nowMillis - startMillis < (allZoneTime[valveNumber] * 60000UL))
    	{
         updateRelays(BITSHIFT_VALVE_NUMBER);
    	}
    	else
    	{
         DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Changing Valves..."));
         updateRelays(ALL_VALVES_OFF);
         startMillis = millis();
         valveNumber++;
         if (valveNumber > NUMBER_OF_VALVES) 
         {
    		state = CYCLE_COMPLETE;
    		startMillis = millis();
    		lastValve = -1;
    		lastTimeRun = now();
    		saveDateToEEPROM(lastTimeRun);
    		for (byte i = 0; i <= NUMBER_OF_VALVES; i++)
    		{
    	     gw.send(msg1valve.setSensor(i).set(false), false);
    		}
    		DEBUG_PRINT(F("State = ")); 
    		DEBUG_PRINTLN(state);
         }
    	}
     }
     //
     else if (state == RUN_SINGLE_ZONE)
     {
    	fastToggleLed();
    	if (state != lastState)
    	{
         for (byte i = 0; i <= NUMBER_OF_VALVES; i++)
         {
    		if (i == 0 || i == valveNumber)
    		{
    	     gw.send(msg1valve.setSensor(i).set(true), false);
    		}
    		else
    		{
    	     gw.send(msg1valve.setSensor(i).set(false), false);
    		}
         }
         DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("State Changed, Single Zone Running..."));
         DEBUG_PRINT(F("Zone: "));
         DEBUG_PRINTLN(valveNumber);
    	}
    	unsigned long nowMillis = millis();
    	if (nowMillis - startMillis < VALVE_RESET_TIME)
    	{
         updateRelays(ALL_VALVES_OFF);
    	}
    	else if (nowMillis - startMillis < (valveSoloTime [valveNumber] * 60000UL))
    	{
         updateRelays(BITSHIFT_VALVE_NUMBER);
    	}
    	else
    	{
         updateRelays(ALL_VALVES_OFF);
         for (byte i = 0; i <= NUMBER_OF_VALVES; i++)
         {
    		gw.send(msg1valve.setSensor(i).set(false), false);
         }
         state = CYCLE_COMPLETE;
         startMillis = millis();
         DEBUG_PRINT(F("State = ")); 
         DEBUG_PRINTLN(state);
    	}
    	lastTimeRun = now();
     }
     else if (state == CYCLE_COMPLETE)
     {
    	if (millis() - startMillis < 30000UL)
    	{
         fastToggleLed();
    	}
    	else
    	{
         state = STAND_BY_ALL_OFF;
    	}
     }
     lastState = state;
    }
    //
    void updateRelays(int value)
    {
     digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW);
     shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, highByte(value)); 
     shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, lowByte(value));
     digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
    }
    //
    void PushButton() //interrupt with debounce
    { 
     static unsigned long last_interrupt_time = 0;
     unsigned long interrupt_time = millis();
     if (interrupt_time - last_interrupt_time > 200)
     {
    	buttonPushed = true;
     }
     last_interrupt_time = interrupt_time;
    }
    //
    void fastToggleLed()
    {
     static unsigned long fastLedTimer;
     if (millis() - fastLedTimer >= 100UL)
     {
    	digitalWrite(ledPin, !digitalRead(ledPin));
    	fastLedTimer = millis (); 
     }   
    }
    //
    void slowToggleLED ()
    {
     static unsigned long slowLedTimer;
     if (millis() - slowLedTimer >= 1250UL)
     {
    	digitalWrite(ledPin, !digitalRead(ledPin));
    	slowLedTimer = millis (); 
     } 
    }
    //
    void getVariables(const MyMessage &message)
    {
     boolean zoneTimeUpdate = false;
     if (message.isAck()) 
     {
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("This is an ack from gateway"));
     }
     for (byte i = 0; i<= NUMBER_OF_VALVES; i++)
     {
    	if (message.sensor == i)
    	{
         if (message.type == V_LIGHT)
         {
    		int switchState = atoi(message.data);
    		if (switchState == 0)
    		{
    	     state = STAND_BY_ALL_OFF;
    	     DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Recieved Instruction to Cancel..."));
    		}
    		else
    		{
    	     if (i == 0)
    	     {
    			state = RUN_ALL_ZONES;
    			valveNumber = 1;
    			DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Recieved Instruction to Run All Zones..."));
    	     }
    	     else 
    	     {
    			state = RUN_SINGLE_ZONE;
    			valveNumber = i;
    			DEBUG_PRINT(F("Recieved Instruction to Activate Zone: "));
    			DEBUG_PRINTLN(i);
    	     }
    		}
    		startMillis = millis();
         }
         else if (message.type == V_VAR1)
         {
    		int variable1 = atoi(message.data);// RUN_ALL_ZONES time
    		DEBUG_PRINT(F("Recieved variable1 valve:"));
    		DEBUG_PRINT(i);
    		DEBUG_PRINT(F(" = "));
    		DEBUG_PRINTLN(variable1);
    		if (variable1 != allZoneTime[i])
    		{
    	     allZoneTime[i] = variable1;
         
    	     zoneTimeUpdate = true;
    		}
         }
         else if (message.type == V_VAR2)
         {
    		int variable2 = atoi(message.data);// RUN_SINGLE_ZONE time
    		DEBUG_PRINT(F("Recieved variable2 valve:"));
    		DEBUG_PRINT(i);
    		DEBUG_PRINT(F(" = "));
    		DEBUG_PRINTLN(variable2);
    		if (variable2 != valveSoloTime[i])
    		{
    	     valveSoloTime[i] = variable2;
    	     zoneTimeUpdate = true;
    		}
         }
    	}
     }
     if (zoneTimeUpdate)
     {
    	//
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("New Zone Times Recieved..."));
    	for (byte i = 0; i <= NUMBER_OF_VALVES; i++)
    	{
         if (i != 0)
         {
    		DEBUG_PRINT(F("Zone "));
    		DEBUG_PRINT(i);
    		DEBUG_PRINT(F(" individual time: "));
    		DEBUG_PRINT(valveSoloTime[i]);
    		DEBUG_PRINT(F(" group time: "));
    		DEBUG_PRINTLN(allZoneTime[i]);
    		recentUpdate = true;
         }
    	}
     }
     else
     {
    	recentUpdate = false;
     }
    }
    //
    void updateDisplay()
    {
     static unsigned long lastUpdateTime;
     static boolean displayToggle = false;
     //static byte toggleCounter = 0;
     static SprinklerStates lastDisplayState;
     if (state != lastDisplayState || millis() - lastUpdateTime >= 3000UL)
     {
    	displayToggle = !displayToggle;
    	switch (state){
    	case STAND_BY_ALL_OFF:
         //
         fastClear();
         lcd.setCursor(0,0);
         if (displayToggle)
         {
    		lcd.print(F("  System Ready "));
    		if (clockUpdating)
    		{
    	     lcd.setCursor(15,0);
    	     lcd.write(0);
    		}
    		lcd.setCursor(0,1);
    		lcd.print(hourFormat12() < 10 ? F(" ") : F(""));
    		lcd.print(hourFormat12());
    		lcd.print(minute() < 10 ? F(":0") : F(":"));
    		lcd.print(minute());
    		lcd.print(isAM() ? F("am") : F("pm"));
    		lcd.print(F(" "));
    		lcd.print(month() < 10? F("0") : F(""));
    		lcd.print(month());
    		lcd.print(day() < 10? F("/0") : F("/"));
    		lcd.print(day());
    		lcd.print(F("/"));
    		lcd.print(year()%100);
         }
         else
         {
    		lcd.print(F("  Last Watered "));
    		if (clockUpdating)
    		{
    	     lcd.setCursor(15,0);
    	     lcd.write(0);
    		}
    		lcd.setCursor(0,1);
    		lcd.print(dayOfWeek[weekday(lastTimeRun)]);
    		lcd.setCursor(11,1);
    		lcd.print(month(lastTimeRun) < 10 ? F(" ") : F(""));
    		lcd.print(month(lastTimeRun));
    		lcd.print(day(lastTimeRun) < 10 ? F("/0") : F("/"));
    		lcd.print(day(lastTimeRun));
         }
         break;
    	case RUN_SINGLE_ZONE:
         //
         fastClear();
         lcd.setCursor(0,0);
         if (displayToggle)
         {
    		lcd.print(F("Single Zone Mode"));
    		lcd.setCursor(0,1);
    		lcd.print(F(" Zone:"));
    		if (valveNumber < 10) lcd.print(F("0"));
    		lcd.print(valveNumber);
    		lcd.print(F(" Active"));
         }
         else
         {
    		lcd.print(F(" Time Remaining "));
    		lcd.setCursor(0,1);
    		unsigned long timeRemaining = (valveSoloTime[valveNumber] * 60) - ((millis() - startMillis) / 1000);
    		lcd.print(timeRemaining / 60 < 10 ? "   0" : "   ");
    		lcd.print(timeRemaining / 60);
    		lcd.print("min");
    		lcd.print(timeRemaining % 60 < 10 ? " 0" : " ");
    		lcd.print(timeRemaining % 60);
    		lcd.print("sec  ");
         }
         break;
    	case RUN_ALL_ZONES:
         //
         fastClear();
         lcd.setCursor(0,0);
         if (displayToggle)
         {
    		lcd.print(F(" All-Zone  Mode "));
    		lcd.setCursor(0,1);
    		lcd.print(F(" Zone:"));
    		if (valveNumber < 10) lcd.print(F("0"));
    		lcd.print(valveNumber);
    		lcd.print(F(" Active "));
         }
         else
         {
    		lcd.print(F(" Time Remaining "));
    		lcd.setCursor(0,1);
    		int timeRemaining = (allZoneTime[valveNumber] * 60) - ((millis() - startMillis) / 1000);
    		lcd.print((timeRemaining / 60) < 10 ? "   0" : "   ");
    		lcd.print(timeRemaining / 60);
    		lcd.print("min");
    		lcd.print(timeRemaining % 60 < 10 ? " 0" : " ");
    		lcd.print(timeRemaining % 60);
    		lcd.print("sec  ");
         }
         break;
    	case CYCLE_COMPLETE:
         //
         if (displayToggle)
         {
    		lcd.setCursor(0,0);
    		lcd.print(F(" Watering Cycle "));
    		lcd.setCursor(0,1);
    		lcd.print(F("    Complete    "));
         }
         else
         {
    		int totalTimeRan = 0;
    		for (int i = 1; i < NUMBER_OF_VALVES + 1; i++)
    		{
    	     totalTimeRan += allZoneTime[i];
    		}
    		lcd.setCursor(0,0);
    		lcd.print(F(" Total Time Run "));
    		lcd.setCursor(0,1);
    		lcd.print(totalTimeRan < 10 ? "   0" : "   ");
    		lcd.print(totalTimeRan);
    		lcd.print(" Minutes   ");
         }
    	}
    	lastUpdateTime = millis();
     }
     lastDisplayState = state;
    }
    void receiveTime(time_t newTime)
    {
     DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Time value received and updated..."));
     int lastSecond = second();
     int lastMinute = minute();
     int lastHour = hour();
     setTime(newTime);
     if (((second() != lastSecond) || (minute() != lastMinute) || (hour() != lastHour)) || showTime)
     {
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Clock updated...."));
    	DEBUG_PRINT(F("Sensor's time currently set to:"));
    	DEBUG_PRINT(hourFormat12() < 10 ? F(" 0") : F(" "));
    	DEBUG_PRINT(hourFormat12());
    	DEBUG_PRINT(minute() < 10 ? F(":0") : F(":"));
    	DEBUG_PRINT(minute());
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(isAM() ? F("am") : F("pm"));
    	DEBUG_PRINT(month());
    	DEBUG_PRINT(F("/"));
    	DEBUG_PRINT(day());
    	DEBUG_PRINT(F("/"));
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(year());
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(dayOfWeek[weekday()]);
    	showTime = false;
     }
     else 
     {
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Sensor's time did NOT need adjustment greater than 1 second."));
     }
     clockUpdating = false;
    }
    void fastClear()
    {
     lcd.setCursor(0,0);
     lcd.print(F("                "));
     lcd.setCursor(0,1);
     lcd.print(F("                "));
    }
    //
    void updateClock()
    {
     static unsigned long lastVeraGetTime;
     if (millis() - lastVeraGetTime >= 60000UL) // updates clock time and gets zone times from vera once every 10 minutes
     {
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Requesting time and valve data from Gateway..."));
    	lcd.setCursor(15,0);
    	lcd.write(0);
    	clockUpdating = true;
    	gw.requestTime(receiveTime);
    	lastVeraGetTime = millis();
     }
    }
    //
    void saveDateToEEPROM(unsigned long theDate)
    {
     DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Saving Last Run date"));
     if (gw.loadState(0) != 0xFF) 
     {
    	gw.saveState(0,0xFF); // EEPROM flag for last date saved stored in EEPROM (location zero)
     }
     //
     for (int i = 1; i < 5; i++)
     {
    	gw.saveState(5-i, byte(theDate >> 8 * (i-1)));// store epoch datestamp in 4 bytes of EEPROM starting in location one
     }
    }
    //
    void goGetValveTimes()
    {
     static unsigned long valveUpdateTime;
     static byte valveIndex = 1;
     if (millis() - valveUpdateTime >= 300000UL / NUMBER_OF_VALVES)// update each valve once every 5 mins (distributes the traffic)
     {
    	DEBUG_PRINTLN(F("Calling for Valve Times..."));
    	lcd.setCursor(15, 0);
    	lcd.write(1);
    	gw.request(valveIndex, V_VAR1);
    	gw.request(valveIndex, V_VAR2);
    	valveUpdateTime = millis();
    	valveIndex++;
    	if (valveIndex > NUMBER_OF_VALVES+1)
    	{
         valveIndex = 1;
    	}
     }
    }


  • @BulldogLowell What valves did you use? Have you had any issues with a valve not closing all the way, thus, boom goes the dynamite.


  • Contest Winner

    @NotYetRated

    My valves were there already, it was controlled by simple timer. The valves are 24V like these.

    Really impossible to get that kind of failure...


  • Admin

    @BulldogLowell I am finally getting ready to make this. Thanks and great job as usual! I was waiting for what seemed like forever for the LCD to come in and when it did it was missing the I2C interface. DANG IT!! I think I'm going to see if I can wire it without I2C and then change it back when it comes in.

    I did have one thought as I was going through the code... What do you think of the idea of requesting the run time variables from Vera just before the relay is turned on instead of every 5 minutes? That might help minimize communication on the network as well as ensure the most up to date run times are received from Vera.


  • Contest Winner

    On a plane to china, working on the Rain Gauge!!!

    Thanks for the kind words, this is the one I'm most happy with of all the Mysensors I've done so far!!!

    @petewill said:

    What do you think of the idea of requesting the run time variables from Vera just before the relay is turned on instead of every 5 minutes?

    So, I've been using it for several months, along with the rain gauge. I use PLEG to send updates to the Vera Device Files each season (remember I'm in Florida). It updates the times (longer in the winter) and number of days (twice a week during Winter, once a week Spring and Autumn, and never on during Summer, lots of rain) .

    So, because I am never 'manually' updating the times, I never thought about the 5 minute update. since I started it up!!! I have from time to time updated the Single Zone times. If I need to push them, I just restart the arduino.

    So, you can certainly look to update whenever you prefer, it is in a nice little function for you.

    I personally don't mind at all the calls every five minutes, each call is a few milliseconds and it has the side benefit of updating the device last updated time on vera's device, so I know it's in contact with the gateway. I haven't had a traffic problem on my system yet.

    Screen Shot 2015-05-14 at 3.52.58 PM.png

    I can mail you an I2C LCD if you need it, you just have to wait until I'm back from China. Email or PM me an address to send it! I'm back on the 29th. You only need to send one back when you get the chance!


  • Admin

    @BulldogLowell said:

    On a plane to china, working on the Rain Gauge!!!

    Awesome! I should have some time this weekend to test if you have something by then.

    I personally don't mind at all the calls every five minutes, each call is a few milliseconds and it has the side benefit of updating the device last updated time on vera's device, so I know it's in contact with the gateway. I haven't had a traffic problem on my system yet.

    Good to know. I have around 80 MySensors devices so I'm always thinking about keeping communication to a minimum. I may just run it as is and if I notice any issues I can look into adjusting the code.

    I can mail you an I2C LCD if you need it, you just have to wait until I'm back from China.

    Wow, thanks for the offer! I have already ordered a replacement so hopefully it will arrive right around the time you get back. This is my first time working with LCDs so I didn't even think to look for the I2C connectivity. I just read the description and took their word for it. That will teach me...

    Oh yeah... that's cool you're going to China! Are you stocking up on a whole bunch of parts while you're there? :)


  • Contest Winner

    @petewill

    I think waiting for the I2C piggyback will be worth the time, but you can debug with the Serial connection, I have all that in there.

    I would think that retrieving the latest times for the sprinklers could be brought back to once a day even, if you are that worried about traffic.

    Just curious, but how many valves will you end up controlling?

    PS my factory is in the north, and I won't be getting to the south this trip. Shenzhen is really the epicenter of hobby electronics plus, it is never a good thing to bring a lot of small electronic components, wires and sensors in your bags through airport security!


  • Admin

    @BulldogLowell said:

    I think waiting for the I2C piggyback will be worth the time, but you can debug with the Serial connection, I have all that in there.

    Yeah, I'm thinking I can still get it partially working this weekend (hopefully) but I wish I could see the LCD. That is such a cool feature!

    I would think that retrieving the latest times for the sprinklers could be brought back to once a day even, if you are that worried about traffic.

    I still need to think through the PLEG but I was hoping to do something like this...

    • If there has been rain in the past 5 days adjust the irrigation timing based on the amount.

    • Also, factor in the past high temperatures as well as the upcoming forecast.

    • If it is currently raining, stop the irrigation.

    I still need to think through it a little more but calculations like that would require the variables to be updated to the irrigation controller more than once a day (at least I think). That's why I was thinking it would be cool if it pulled the values before it ran each zone. It could still update every 5 hours or so though for the heartbeat. I really like that benefit!

    Just curious, but how many valves will you end up controlling?

    Currently only 5 but I will probably add 2 more in the next year or so.

    it is never a good thing to bring a lot of small electronic components, wires and sensors in your bags through airport security!

    Haha, very true!


  • Admin

    @BulldogLowell is there a reason you're using pin 2 for the button/interrupt? That is normally wired up with the radio (although not currently used I believe). Is there a reason I shouldn't switch it to pin 3?


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